Advertisement

Environment Systems and Decisions

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 1–10 | Cite as

A development-based approach to global climate policy

  • Susan Spierre ClarkEmail author
  • Thomas P. Seager
  • Evan Selinger
Article

Abstract

A common approach for addressing climate change is to reduce the cost of greenhouse gas mitigation through market-based mechanisms, which enable an economically efficient allocation of emissions. However, from a human development perspective, a market-based approach to emission allocation might not be appropriate, considering the value it places on social well-being. This research builds on previous empirical work to develop a framework for conceptualizing the relationship between carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and human development using the capability approach. The framework enables a critical examination of policy prescriptions that employ market-based methods for emission allocation due to their potential for unintended consequences for underdeveloped nations. Lastly, we offer a theoretical policy proposal aimed at preventing unintended human development consequences.

Keywords

Human development index Climate change Development equity Capability approach Climate policy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This material is based in part upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers 1134943 and 1140190. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. The authors would also like to thank Dr. Sonja Klinsky and Dr. Braden Allenby at Arizona State University for their insightful comments on this manuscript.

References

  1. Alam MS, Bala BK, Huq AMZ, Matin MA (1991) A model for the quality-of-life as a function of electrical energy-consumption. Energy 16(4):739–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alam MS, Roychowdhury A, Islam KK, Huq AMZ (1998) A revisited model for the physical quality of life (PQL) as a function of electrical energy consumption. Energy 23(9):791–801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aldy JE, Orszag PR, Stiglitz JE (2001) Climate change: an agenda for global collective action. Prepared for the conference on the timing of climate Change policies, Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. Baer P, Anthanasiou T, Kartha S, Kemp-Benedict E (2009) Greenhouse development rights: a proposal for a fair global climate treaty. Ethics, Place and Environ 12(3):267–281Google Scholar
  5. Baumert KA, Goldberg DM (2006) Action targets: a new approach to international greenhouse gas controls. Clim Policy 5:567–581Google Scholar
  6. Birol F (2007). Energy economics: a place for energy poverty in the agenda. Energy J 28(3):1–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol28-No3-1
  7. Bloomberg (2014) Climate talks grapple with regional carbon markets: IEA. Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-11-07/climate-talks-grapple-with-regional-carbon-markets-iea.html
  8. Brown D (2002) American heat: ethical problems with the United States’ response to global warming. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MDGoogle Scholar
  9. Dias RA, Mattos CR, Balestieri JAP (2006) The limits of human development and the use of energy and natural resources. Energy Policy 34(9):1026–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ezor Z (2009) Power to the people: rural electrification in Uganda. Available at: http://digitalcollections.sit.edu
  11. Gardiner S (2004) Ethics and global climate change. Ethics 114:555–600Google Scholar
  12. Goldenberg J, La Rovere EL, Coelho ST (2004) Expanding access to electricity in Brazil. Energy Sustain Dev 8(4):86–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Green JF, Sterner T, Wager G (2014). A balance of bottom-up and top-down in linking climate policies. Nat Clim Change 4. Available at: http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v4/n12/full/nclimate2429.html
  14. International Energy Agency (2013) World energy outlook 2013. Available at: http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/publications/weo-2013/
  15. Jaffe J, Ranson M, Stavins RN (2009) Linking tradable permit systems: a key element of emerging international climate policy architecture. Ecol Law Q 36:798, 789–808. Available at: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/rstavins/Papers/Jaffe-Ranson-Stavins-ELQ.pdf
  16. Jamieson D (2001) Climate change and global environmental justice. In: Miller C, Edwards P (eds) Changing the atmosphere: expert knowledge and environmental governance. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  17. Lomborg B (2001) Global warming. In: Lomborg B (ed) The sceptical environmentalist. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 258–324Google Scholar
  18. Martínez DM, Ebenhack BW (2008) Understanding the role of energy consumption in human development through the use of saturation phenomena. Energy Policy 36:1430–1435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.12.016
  19. Mechtenberg A, Borchers K, Miyingo EW, Hormasji F, Hariharan A, Makanda JV, Musaazi MK (2012) Human power (HP) as a viable electricity portfolio option below 20 W/Capita. Energy Sustain Dev 16:125–145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2011.12.006
  20. Mintz E, Bartram J, Lochery P, Wegelin M (2001) Not just a drop in the bucket: expanding access to point-of-use water treatment systems. Am J Public Health 91(10):1565–1570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Moellendorf D (2011) A normative account of dangerous climate change. Clim Change 108:57–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moran DD, Wackernagel M, Kitzes JA, Goldfinger SH, Boutaud A (2008) Measuring sustainable development—nation by nation. Ecol Econ 64(3):470–474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.08.017
  23. Morgan J, Waskow D (2013) A new look at climate equity in the UNFCCC. Clim Policy 14(1):17–22. Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14693062.2014.848096#.VLL7KivF-AU
  24. Narain S (2013) Environmentalism of the Poor vs. environmentalism of the rich. Wrigley lecture series. School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, March 27Google Scholar
  25. Nelson K (2001) Early history of infectious disease: epidemiology and control of infectious diseases. In: Nelson KE, Williams CM, Graham NMH (eds) Infectious disease epidemiology: theory and practice. Aspen Publishers, GaithersburgGoogle Scholar
  26. Nordhaus WD (2007) The challenge of global warming: economic models and environmental policy, July 24, 2007, Yale. Available at: http://nordhaus.econ.yale.edu/dice_mss_072407_all.pdf
  27. Nussbaum M (1997) Capabilities and human rights. Fordham Law Rev 66(2):273–300Google Scholar
  28. Nussbaum M (2000) Women and human development: the capabilities approach. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nussbaum M (2006) Frontiers of justice: disability, nationality, species membership. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  30. Nussbaum M, Sen A (1992) The quality of life. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  31. Olsen KH (2007) The clean development mechanism’s contribution to sustainable development: a review of the literature. Clim Change 84:59–73. doi: 10.1007/s10584-007-9267-y
  32. Pasternak AD (2000) Global energy futures and human development: a framework for analysis. US Department of Energy, Oak RidgeGoogle Scholar
  33. Peters G, Minx J, Christopher J, Weberd L, Edenhoferc O (2011) Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008. PNAS 108(21):8903–8908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Peters GP, Minx JC, Weber CL, Edenhfer O (2010) Growth in emission transfers viw international trade from 1990 to 2008. PNAS 108(21):8903–8908Google Scholar
  35. Ranson M, Stavins RN (2012) Post-durban climate policy architecture based on linkage of cap-and-trade systems (No. w18140). National Bureau of Economic Research. Available at: http://www.nber.org/papers/w18140
  36. Rittel H, Webber M (1973) Dilemmas in general theory of planning. Policy Sci 4:155–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rodrik D (2001) The global governance of trade as if development really mattered. Trade and human development series. UNDP, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  38. Rogelj J, Nabel J, Chen C, Hare W, Markmann K et al (2010) Copenhagen accord pledges are paltry. Nature 464:1126–1128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sachs J, McArthur JW, Schmidt-Traub G, Kruk M, Bahadur C, Faye M, McCord G (2004) Ending Africa’s poverty trap. Economic studies program, The Brookings Institution, 35(1):117–240Google Scholar
  40. Sandel MJ (2012) What money can’t buy: the moral limits of markets. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  41. Schelling TC (1998) Costs and benefits of greenhouse gas reduction. American Enterprise Institute Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  42. Sen AK (1990) Development as Capability Expansion. In: Griffin Keith, Knight John (eds) Human development and the international development strategy for the 1990s. Macmillan, London, pp 41–58Google Scholar
  43. Sen A (1999a) Commodities and capabilities. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  44. Sen A (1999b) Development as freedom. Anchor Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  45. Sethi N (2015) BASIC nations to discuss climate change. Live Mint. Available at: http://www.livemint.com/Politics/T2bUYB9daeJalW9bOMwMbP/BASIC-nations-to-discuss-climate-change.html
  46. Shue H (1993) Subsistence emissions and luxury emissions. Law & Policy 15(1):39–58Google Scholar
  47. Singer P (2004) One atmosphere. In: One world: the ethics of globalization. Yale University PressGoogle Scholar
  48. Spierre S (2013) Examining a sustainable approach to global climate policy. Dissertation, Arizona State University. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2286/R.A.110485
  49. Spierre SG, Seager TP, Selinger E (2013) The diminishing returns to the 2010 human development index. J Sustain Dev 6(6):34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Steinberger J, Roberts T (2010) From constraint to sufficiency: the decoupling of energy and carbon from human needs, 1975–2005. Ecol Econ, 425–433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.09.014
  51. Steinberger J, Roberts T, Peters G, Baiocchi G (2012) Pathways of human development and carbon emissions embodied in trade. Nat Clim Change. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1371
  52. Stern N (2007) The economics of climate change: the stern review. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Tol R (2009) The economic effects of climate change. J Econ Perspect 23(2):29–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. UNFCCC (2014). Lima Calls for Climate Action Puts World Track to Paris 2015. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Available at: ewsroom.unfccc.int/lima/lima-call-for-climate-action-puts-world-on-track-to-paris-2015/
  55. Victor D (2001) The collapse of the kyoto protocol and the struggle to slow global warming. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  56. Wiebe KS, Bruckner M, Giljum S, Lutz C (2012) Calculating energy-related CO2 emissions embodied in International Trade using global input-output model. Econ Syst Res 24(2):113–139Google Scholar
  57. World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund (2000). Water supply and sanitation council. Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report. New York, NY: UNICEF; 2000Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Spierre Clark
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas P. Seager
    • 1
  • Evan Selinger
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built EnvironmentArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyRochester Institute of TechnologyRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations