The Environmentalist

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 365–374 | Cite as

Physiological responses of some tree species under roadside automobile pollution stress around city of Haridwar, India

  • P. C. Joshi
  • Abhishek Swami


Studies were carried out to determine the physiological response of few economically important tree species viz., Mango (Mangifera indica), Eucalyptus citriodora, Sagon (Tectona grandis) and Sal (Shorea robusta) to roadside automobile pollution during 2004–2005. By determining some physiological parameters, which included chlorophyll a, and b, total chlorophyll, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, pH and relative water content, impact of automobile exhaust on these species was assessed. The data obtained were further analyzed by using one-way ANOVA and a significant change in all these parameters was found in the leaf samples collected from road side trees, exposed to automobile exhausts in comparison to control. Higher value of air pollution tolerance index (APTI) was recorded for S. robusta (9.02) while the minimum value of APTI was recorded for M. indica (6.76).


Roadside pollution Automobiles Impact APTI Chlorophyll 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The first author is grateful to University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India for financial assistance to carryout this study and Prof. B. D. Joshi for his valuable suggestions during the course of study.


  1. Arnon, D. I. (1949). Copper enzyme in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Phsysiology, 24, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal, M. (1985). Plant factors as indicator of SO 2 and O 3 pollutants. Proc. International symposium on Biological Monitoring of the State Environment (Bio- indicator). (pp. 225–231). New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, Y. M., Lucas, P. W., & Wellburn, A. R. (1990). Relative relationship between foliar injury and change in antioxidants levels in red and Norway spruce exposed to acidic mists. Environmental Pollution, 69, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Farmer, J. C., & Lyon, T. D. B. (1977). Lead in Glasgow street dirt and soil. The Science Total Environment, 8, 89–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fleckiger, W., Baraun, S., & Opertli, J. J. (1978). Effects of air pollution caused by traffic on germination and tube growth of pollen of Nicotiana sylvestris. Environmental pollution, 16, 73–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fuji, S. (1973). The current damage of plant damage by air pollution in the Ckayama Prefecture. Shokbutsu Boeki, 27, 249–252.Google Scholar
  7. Jacob, M. B., & Hochheiser, S. (1958). Continuous sampling and untra-microdetermination of nitrogen dioxide in air. Analytical Chemistry, 30, 426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Keller, T. (1974). The using of peroxidase activity for monitoring and mapping air pollution areas. European Journal of Forest Pathology, 4, 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Leon, D. (1988). Air pollution impact on forest trees foliar response. Prospects in Environmental Botany, 2, 1–24.Google Scholar
  10. Lone, P. M., Khan, A. A., & Shah, S. A. (2005). Study of dust pollution caused by traffic in Aligarh City. Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 47(4), 33–36.Google Scholar
  11. Mandal, M., & Mukherji, S. (2000). Changes in chlorophyll content, chlorophllase activity, Hill reaction, photosynthetic CO2 uptake, sugar and starch content in five dicotyledonous plants exposed to automobile exhaust pollution. Journal of Environmental Biology, 21(1), 37–41.Google Scholar
  12. Malhotra, S. S., & Hocking, D. (1976). Biochemical and cytological effects of SO2 on plant metabolism. The New Phytologist, 76, 229–237.Google Scholar
  13. Manninen, S., Huttunen, S., Rautio, P., & Paramaki, P (1996). Assessing the critical level of SO2 for scots pine. Environmental Pollution, 93, 27–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mandloi, B. L., & Dubey, P. S. (1988). The industrial emission and plant response at Pithanpur (M.P). International Journal of Ecological and Environmental Science, 14, 75–99.Google Scholar
  15. Nithamathi, C. P., & Indira, V. (2005). Impact of air pollution on Ceasalpinia sepiaria Linn. in Tuticorin City. Indian Journal of Environment and Ecoplanning, 10(2), 449–452.Google Scholar
  16. Nuhoglu, Y. (2005). The harmful effects of air pollutants around the Yenikoy thermal power plant on architecture of Calabarian pine (Pinus brutila Ten.) needles. Journal of Environmental Biology, 26, 315–322.Google Scholar
  17. Pawar, K., & Dubey, P. S. (1985). Effects of air pollution on the photosynthetic pigments of Ipomea fistulosa and Phoenix sylvestrisAll India seminar on Air pollution Control, Indore, Abs. 19–21.Google Scholar
  18. Rao, D. N., & Leblance, F. (1966). Effect of sulphur dioxide on lichen alga with special reference to chloroplast. The Bryologist, 69, 69–72.Google Scholar
  19. Rao, M. V., & Dubey, P. S. (1985). Plant response against SO2 in field conditions. Asian Environment, 10, 1–9.Google Scholar
  20. Sadashivam, S., & Manikam, S. (1991). Biochemical methods in agriculture. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Publication.Google Scholar
  21. Sarkar, P. K., Baherjee, A., & Mukherji, S. (1986). Acceleration of peroxide and catalase activity in leaves of wild dicotyledonous plants, as an indication of automobile exhaust pollution. Environmental Pollution (Series A), 42, 189–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Siefermann-Harms, D. (1987). The light harvesting and protective function of carotenoids in photosynthetic memberanes. Physiologia Plantarum, 69, 561–568.Google Scholar
  23. Singh, S. K., & Rao, D. N. (1983). Evaluation of plants for their tolerance to air pollution. Proceedings of Symposium on Air Pollution Control, 1.Google Scholar
  24. Wali, B., Mahmooduzzafar and Iqbal, M. (2004). Plant growth, stomatal response, pigments and photosynthesis of Althea officinalis as affected by SO2 stress. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 9(3), 224–233.Google Scholar
  25. Weinstein, L. H., & McCune, D. C. (1970). Implication of air pollution for plant life. Proceedings of the American Philosphical Society, 114, 18–21.Google Scholar
  26. West, P. W., & Gaeke, G. C. (1956). Fixation of Sulphur Dioxide as Sufitomercurate III and Subsequent Colorimetric Determination. Analytical Chemistry, 28, 1816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Woolhouse, H. (1986). Procesa and control of plant senescence. In: Y. Y. Leshem, A. W. Halvey, & C. Frankel (Eds.), (pp. 3–20). Netherlands: Elsevier Science Publisher.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Environmental SciencesGurukula Kangri UniversityHaridwarIndia

Personalised recommendations