Advertisement

The impact of VietGAHP implementation on Vietnamese households’ pig production

  • Ly Thi Nguyen
  • Teruaki NansekiEmail author
  • Yosuke Chomei
Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

To increase food safety and sustainable environmental development, the Vietnamese government has released a public Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) report for pig production, called “Vietnamese Good Animal Husbandry Practices” (VietGAHP). Studies have yet to investigate not only the institutional factors affecting VietGAHP adoption in household pig farming, but also the impact of such adoption on its criteria’ implementation. The objective of this study is to investigate the factors associated with VietGAHP adoption in household pig production and its impact on implementing its criteria. A Probit model was used to directly indicate the determinants of VietGAHP adoption, and a z test revealed the VietGAHP’s impact by comparing the differences in each criterion’s compliance rates between adopter and non-adopter groups. The results demonstrate that the factors positively contributing to VietGAHP adoption include gender, training, household income, and veterinary services, with the training factor as a substantial contributor. The factors presenting a challenge to this adoption included farm size, the number of family members participating in pig-raising, off-farm income, and biogas, with the latter an especially pivotal factor. Moreover, an expected result of the government’s support was that VietGAHP adoption had a positive impact on 9 out 15 compulsory practices and 8 of 14 optional practices. These imply that to attain food safety and environmental protection goals through a public GAP program for pig production, traditional adoption factors—including a male farmer status, training, household wealth, and veterinary services—remain key pillars on which government policies should focus.

Keywords

Compliance Household Pig production Public Good Agricultural Practices VietGAHP adoption Vietnam 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP19H00960.

References

  1. Amekawa, Y. (2009). Reflections on the growing influence of good agricultural practices in the Global South. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics,22, 531–557.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10806-009-9171-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asfaw, S., Shiferaw, B., Simtowe, F., & Lipper, L. (2012). Impact of modern agricultural technologies on smallholder welfare: Evidence from Tanzania and Ethiopia. Food Policy,37, 283–295.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2012.02.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baumgart-getz, A., Stalker, L., & Floress, K. (2012). Why farmers adopt best management practice in the United States: A meta-analysis of the adoption literature. Journal of Environmental Management,96, 17–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.10.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coulibaly, J. Y., Chiputwa, B., Nakelse, T., & Kundhlande, G. (2017). Adoption of agroforestry and the impact on household food security among farmers in Malawi. Agricultural Systems,155, 52–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2017.03.017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Feder, G., Just, R. E., & Zilberman, D. (1985). Adoption of agricultural innovations in developing countries: A survey. Economic Development and Cultural Change,33(2), 255–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ghimire, Raju., Huang, W. C., & Shrestha, R. B. (2015). Factors affecting adoption of improved rice varieties among rural farm households in Central Nepal. Rice Science,22, 35–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsci.2015.05.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Giang, H., Tran, T. C., Nguyen, T. H. T., & Ninh, X. T. (2016). Evaluation of smallholders’ VietGAHP adoption in pig farms in Tien Lu, Hung Yen (in Vietnamese). Journal of Economics and Developments,229(II), 91–98.Google Scholar
  8. GSOV. (2017). Statistical yearbook of Vietnam 2016. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi, Vietnam. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from https://www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=512&idmid=5&ItemID=18531.
  9. GSOV. (2018). Results of the rural, agricultural and fishery census 2016, Statistical Publishing House. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from https://www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=512&idmid=5&ItemID=18964.
  10. Hobbs, J. (2003). Incentives for the adoption of Good Agricultural Practices: Background paper for the FAO Expert Consultation on a Good Agricultural Practice approach. FAO GAP working paper Series 3. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from http://www.fao.org/docrep/pdf/010/ag854e/ag854e00.pdf.
  11. Hungyen Statistics Office. (2018). Hungyen statistical yearbook 2017, Statistical Publishing House. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from http://niengiam.thongkehungyen.gov.vn/.
  12. Lapar, M. L. A. (2014). Review of the Pig Sector in Vietnam. The REVALTER Project “Multi-scale assessment of livestock development pathways in Vietnam”. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/132682610.pdf.
  13. Lapar, M. L. A., Nguyen, T. D. N., Nguyen, T. T., Nguyen, T. T. H., Fred, U., & Delia, G. (2017). Adoption and impact of GAps in Pig value chains: Implications for institutional Policy and Practice Change. In Proceeding of the 9th ASAE International Conference 2017: Transformation in Agricultural and Food Economy in Asia, 11–13 January 2017 (pp. 1025–1037). Bangkok, Thailand. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from http://agri.eco.ku.ac.th/asae2017/download/9ASAE_Proceedings.pdf.
  14. Lapar, M. L. A., Nguyen, N. T., Staal, S., Nguyen, N. Q., & Nguyen, D. A. T. (2011). The pork value chain in Vietnam: emerging trends and implications for smallholder competitiveness. Presenting at the 55th annual AARES national conference crown conference center, Melbourne, SA, 9th February 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/12596/Lapar_aares2011.pdf.
  15. MARD. (2008a). Decision No. 379/QD-BNN-KHCN dated 28 January 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of good agricultural practices for safe vegetables and fruits. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from http://nafiqad5.gov.vn/vanban/detail/Quyet-dinh-379-QD-BNN-KHCN-8/.
  16. MARD. (2008b). Decision No. 1121/QĐ-BNN-KHCN dated 14 April 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Agricultural Practices for production of fresh tea in Vietnam. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from http://www.vinacert.vn/pic/news/FileOfNews/1121-qd-bnn-khcn-vietgap-cho-che_(21-1-2015-947).pdf.
  17. MARD. (2008c). Decision No.1504 dated 15 May 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Poultry in Vietnam. Retrieved May 22, 2019, from http://vbpl.vn/bonongnghiep/Pages/vbpq-toanvan.aspx?ItemID=87965&Keyword=.
  18. MARD. (2008d). Decision No.1506/QĐ-BNN-KHCN dated 15 May 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Swine in Vietnam. Retrieved November 5, 2018, from http://vbpl.vn/bocongan/Pages/vbpq-luocdo.aspx?ItemID=87966#.
  19. MARD. (2008e). Decision No.1579 QĐ-BNN-KHCN dated 26 May 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Dairy in Vietnam. Retrieved May 22, 2019, from http://nafiqad1.vn/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/VietGAHP_cho_bo_sua.pdf.
  20. MARD. (2008f). Decision No.1580 QĐ-BNN-KHCN dated 26 May 2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Bee in Vietnam. Retrieved May 22, 2019, from https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/Linh-vuc-khac/Quyet-dinh-1580-QD-BNN-KHCN-Quy-trinh-thuc-hanh-chan-nuoi-tot-111259.aspx.
  21. MARD. (2010a). Decision No. 2998/QĐ-BNN-TT dated 09 November 2010 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on Issuing the procedure of Good Agricultural Practices for rice. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from http://www.vietgap.com/pic/files/2998-qd-bnn-tt-vietgap-cho-lua.pdf.
  22. MARD. (2010b). Decision No. 2999/QĐ-BNN-TT dated 09 November 2010 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on Issuing the procedure of Good Agricultural Practices for coffee. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from http://www.vietgap.com/pic/files/2999-qd-bnn-tt-vietgap-cho-ca-phe.pdf.
  23. MARD. (2011a). Decision No.1503 QĐ-BNN-TCTS dated 05 July 2011 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the code of Vietnamese Good Aquaculture Practices. Retrieved May 22, 2019, from http://vbpl.vn/bonongnghiep/Pages/vbpq-toanvan.aspx?ItemID=79715&Keyword=.
  24. MARD. (2011b). Decision No. 1947/QD-BNN-CN dated 23 Aug 2011 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on Issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Household Based Swine Production. Retrieved November 5, 2018, from https://thukyluat.vn/vb/quyet-dinh-1947-qd-bnn-cn-quy-trinh-thuc-hanh-chan-nuoi-tot-chan-nuoi-lon-an-toan-nong-ho-2115c.html.
  25. MARD. (2011c). Decision No.1948 QĐ-BNN-CN dated 23 August 2011 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for chicken in Vietnam. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/Linh-vuc-khac/Quyet-dinh-1948-QD-BNN-CN-Quy-trinh-thuc-hanh-chan-nuoi-tot-131497.aspx.
  26. MARD. (2014). Decision No.3824/QĐ-BNN-TCTS dated 06 September 2014 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on issuing the code of Vietnamese Good Aquaculture Practices (Vietgap). Retrieved May 22, 2019, from http://vbpl.vn/backan/Pages/vbpq-toanvan.aspx?ItemID=76191&Keyword=.
  27. MARD. (2015). Decision No. 4653/QĐ-BNN-CN dated 10 November 2015 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development on Issuing the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices (VietGAHP). Retrieved May 23, 2019, from http://www.vietgap.com/huong-dan-ap-dung/1047_5490/quyet-dinh-so-4653qd-bnn-cn-ban-hanh-08-quy-trinh-thuc-hanh-chan-nuoi-tot-vietgahp-cho-bo-sua-bo-thit-de-sua-de-thit-lon-ga-ngan-vit-va-ong.html.
  28. MARD. (2016). Decision No. 2509/QD-BNN-CN dated 22 Jun 2016 of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on Issuing the certification regulation and the procedure of Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Household Swine and Chicken Production. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from https://www.mard.gov.vn/VanBan/VanBan/2509cn.pdf.
  29. Mariano, M. J., Villano, R., & Fleming, E. (2012). Factors influencing farmers’ adoption of modern rice technologies and good management practices in the Philippines. Agricultural Systems,110(2012), 41–53.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2012.03.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Marine, S. C., Martin, D. A., Adalja, A., Mathew, S., & Everts, K. L. (2016). Effect of market channel, farm scale, and years in production on mid-Atlantic vegetable producers’ knowledge and implementation of Good Agricultural Practices. Food Control,59, 128–138.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2015.05.024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nga, N. T. D., Ninh, H. N., Van Hung, P., & Lapar, M. L. (2014). Smallholder pig value chain development in Vietnam : Situation analysis and trends. ILRI Project Report. Retrieved May 28, 2019, from https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/53935/pr_situation_analysis_vietnam_web.pdf?sequence=7&isAllowed=y.
  32. Nguyen, T. D. N. (2017). Development of VietGAHP pig production in Cam Giang district, Hai Duong province (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Science,15(6), 844–851.Google Scholar
  33. Noltze, M., Schwarze, S., & Qaim, M. (2012). Understanding the adoption of system technologies in smallholder agriculture: The system of rice intensification (SRI) in Timor Leste. Agricultural Systems,108, 64–73.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2012.01.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Premier, R., & Ledger, S. (2006). Good agricultural practices in Australia and Southeast Asia. HortTechnology,16(4), 552–555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Saiful Islam, A. H. M., Barman, B. K., & Murshed-e-jahan, K. (2015). Adoption and impact of integrated rice—Fish farming system in Bangladesh. Aquaculture,447, 76–85.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.01.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Souza, G. D., Cyphers, D., & Phipps, T. (1990). Factors affecting the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review,22, 159–165.  https://doi.org/10.1017/s1068280500004743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Srisopaporn, S., Jourdain, D., Perret, S. R., & Shivakoti, G. (2015). Adoption and continued participation in a public Good Agricultural Practices program: The case of rice farmers in the Central Plains of Thailand. Technological Forecasting and Social Change,96(2015), 242–253.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2015.03.016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. The Census Steering Committee Central. (2017). Report summary of the formal results of the 2016 rural, agricultural and fishery census (in Vietnamese). Hanoi. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from https://www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=512&idmid=5&ItemID=18595.
  39. Vo, S. T. (2017). Vietnam—Vietnam Livestock Competitiveness and Food Safety: P090723—Implementation Status Results Report: Sequence 12 (English). Washington, DC: World Bank Group. Retrieved October 3, 2018, from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/524791495137773273/Vietnam-Vietnam-Livestock-Competitiveness-and-Food-Safety-P090723-Implementation-Status-Results-Report-Sequence-12.
  40. Wang, H., Pandey, S., & Velarde, O. (2012). Pattern of adoption of improved rice varieties and its determinants in Cambodia. Procedia Economics and Finance,2, 335–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wooldridge, J. M. (2014). Introductory econometrics: A modern approach (5th edn). South-Western Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
  42. World Bank. (2009a). Vietnam—Livestock Competitiveness and Food Safety Project: environmental management framework (English). Retrieved October 15, 2018, from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/819281468130184142/Vietnam-Livestock-Competitiveness-and-Food-Safety-Project-environmental-management-framework.
  43. World Bank. (2009b). Vietnam—Livestock Competitiveness and Food Safety Project (English). Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved October 4, 2018, from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/276741468328186419/Vietnam-Livestock-Competitiveness-and-Food-Safety-Project.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Agricultural and Farm Management, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuoka shiJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Economics and Rural DevelopmentVietnam National University of AgricultureHanoi CityVietnam
  3. 3.Laboratory of Agricultural and Farm Management, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of AgricultureKyushu UniversityFukuoka shiJapan

Personalised recommendations