Advertisement

Investigation of treatment process and treatment sufficiency of marble mine wastewater: a case study in Turkey

  • Omer Hulusi DedeEmail author
  • Cemile Dede
  • Süleyman Sakar
  • Müşerref Sazak
  • Hasan Ozer
Article
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, wastewater formed in marble mines operated as open mines with the aid of a cutting slope in the soil clarification tanks, which were made impermeable by using membranes and similar impermeable elements, was collected after the sedimentation process. The reusability of the water during the process was also investigated. In the marble mines where the study was carried out, an average of 25 m3/day of water is used as the process water for cutting operations. It is thought that ~ 10 m3/day of this water is evaporated or remains between the marble blocks. However, in the facility, 15 m3/day of wastewater was collected in the clarification tank that was made impermeable with a plastic cover. The initial (I) and final (F) values for the suspended solid (SS), pH, colour (C), oil and grease (OG) and Cr6+ were determined as SSI = 106.5 mg/l, SSF = 58.3 mg/l, pHI = 8.06, pHF = 7.93, CI = 83.5 (Pt–Co), CF = 47.5 (Pt–Co), (Cr6+)I = < 0.05 mg/l, (Cr6+)F = < 0.05 mg/l, OGI = 8.7 mg/l and OGF = 2.3 mg/l. The fact that these values are below the required limits in the Water Pollution Control Regulation applied in Turkey indicates that the treatment is successful and that the clarification tank is working effectively. Therefore, this method can be used successfully in marble mines.

Keywords

Wastewater treatment Marble mine Treatment sufficiency Treatment process 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank to the BILCED Company/Bilecik for their support for the realization of this study and especially for their contribution to field studies.

References

  1. Acosta, J. A., Faz, A., Martinez-Martinez, S., Zornoza, R., Carmona, D. M., & Kabas, S. (2011). Multivariate statistical and GIS-based approach to evaluate heavy metals behavior in mine sites for future reclamation. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 109, 8–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. APHA. (2017). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (23rd ed.). Washington, DC, New York: American Public Health Association.Google Scholar
  3. Arslan, E. I., Aslan, S., Ipek, U., Altun, S., & Yazicioğlu, S. (2005). Physico-chemical treatment of marble processing wastewater and the recycling of its sludge. Waste Management & Research, 23(6), 550–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barros, R. J., Jesus, C., Martins, M., & Mc, Costa. (2009). Marble stone processing powder residue as chemical adjuvant for the biologic treatment of acid mine drainage. Process Biochemistry, 44(4), 477–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chang, Q., & Wang, G. (2007). Study on the macromolecular coagulant PEX which traps heavy metals. Chemical Engineering Science, 62, 4636–4643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Collins, G. (2001). The principles of mining. In J. B. Burley (Ed.), Environmental design for reclaiming surface mines (pp. 27–47). Lewiston, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fahiminia, M., Ardanib, R., Hashemib, S., & Alizadehc, M. (2013). Wastewater treatment of stone cutting industries by coagulation process. Archives of Hygiene Sciences, 2(1), 16–22.Google Scholar
  8. Fernández-Caliani, J. C., & Barba-Brioso, C. (2010). Metal immobilization in hazardous contaminated minesoils after marble slurry waste application. A field assessment at the Tharsis mining district (Spain). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181(1–3), 817–826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fu, F., & Wang, Q. (2011). Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 92, 407–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kabas, S., Faz, A., Acosta, J. A., Zornoza, R., Martínez-Martínez, S., Carmona, D. M., et al. (2012). Effect of marble waste and pig slurry on the growth of native vegetation and heavy metal mobility in a mine tailing pond. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 123, 69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Plattes, M., Bertrand, A., Schmitt, B., Sinner, J., Verstraeten, F., & Welfring, J. (2007). Removal of tungsten oxyanions from industrial wastewater by precipitation, coagulation and flocculation processes. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148, 613–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Singh, R., Vishwakarma, A., & Sakalle, P. (2009). Soil properties improvement by utilization of waste material (marble slurry). In Proceedings of international conference on energy environ. Chandigarh, India (pp. 291–293).Google Scholar
  13. Turgut, P., & Algin, H. M. (2007). Limestone dust and wood sawdust as brick material. Building and Environment, 42, 3399–3403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omer Hulusi Dede
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cemile Dede
    • 2
  • Süleyman Sakar
    • 3
  • Müşerref Sazak
    • 2
  • Hasan Ozer
    • 2
  1. 1.Sakarya University of Applied SciencesSakaryaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringSakarya UniversitySakaryaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringYildiz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations