Analysis of crops cultivation trend: a shifting scenario in a coastal Wilayat, Oman

  • Kathiya Al-Aufi
  • Malik Al-Wardy
  • B. S. ChoudriEmail author
  • Mushtaque Ahmed
Case Study


This study presents an analysis on situation of agriculture over recent years in the Wilayat of Al-Suwaiq (administrative unit) which is a part of Al-Batinah Region of Oman. Over the recent years, this area has undergone many changes in terms of increased demand for land and economic development. The aim of this study is to provide information on the situation of cultivation in agriculture with the help of agriculture census database of two different periods. A comparison analysis is carried out using database of years 2004–2005 and 2012–2013. Results of analysis showed that the cropped land holdings area decreased from 2972 ha in 2004 to 2724 ha (decrease of 248 ha) in 2013. Most of this reduction was in fruit trees and date palm which could be attributed to salinity of soils as well as water. Interestingly, vegetable crops area increased from 1139 to 6182 ha (increase of 5043 ha), and this could be attributed to greenhouse farming which generates considerable profits. However, the reduction in area of cultivation by date palms and fruit trees has been a major concern, and proper strategies should be developed toward achieving sustainable development in agriculture sector of Oman.


Agriculture Coastal area Environmental change Sustainable development 



Funding was provided by The Research Council, Oman agreement No. ORG/SQU/EBR/13/028 (ORG/SQU/EBR/13/028).


  1. Ahmed, M., Al-Rawahy, S., & Nazir, H. (2013). Management of saline lands in Oman: Learning to live with salinity. In S. A. Shahid, M. A. Abdelfattah, & F. K. Taha (Eds.), Developments in soil salinity assessment and reclamation: Innovative thinking and use of marginal soil and water resources in irrigated agriculture. Dordrecht: Springer. Scholar
  2. Ahmed, M., & Choudri, B. S. (2012). Climate change in Oman: Current knowledge and way forward. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 5(4), 228–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Rawahy, S., Ahmed, M., & Nazir, H. (2010). Management of salt-affected soils and water for sustainable agriculture: Final project report to Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.Google Scholar
  4. Alkhamisi, S.A., Ahmed, M., Al-Wardy, M., Prathapar, S.A., Choudri, B. S. (2017). Effect of Reclaimed Water Irrigation on Yield Attributes and Chemical Composition of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum), Cowpea (Vigna Sinensis), and Maize (Zea Mays) in Rotation. Journal Irrigation Science, 35(2), 87–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chand, R., & Raju, S. S. (2009). Instability in Indian agriculture during different phases of technology and policy. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 64(2), 283–288.Google Scholar
  6. Choudri, B. S., Al-Busaidi, A., & Ahmed, M. (2013). Climate change, vulnerability and adaptation experiences of farmers in Al-Suwayq Wilayat, Sultanate of Oman. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 5(4), 445–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choudri, B. S., Baawain, M., & Ahmed, M. (2015a). Review of water quality and pollution in the coastal areas of Oman. Journal Pollution Research, 34, 429–439.Google Scholar
  8. Choudri, B. S., Baawain, M., Ahmed, M., Al-Sidairi, A., & Al-Nadabi, H. (2015b). Relative vulnerability of coastal Wilayats to development: A study of Al-Batinah North, Oman. Journal Coastal Conservation, 19, 51–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Choudri, B. S., Baawain, M., & Ahmed, M. (2016a). An overview of coastal and marine resources and their management in Sultanate of Oman. Journal Environmental Management and Tourism, 7, 20–32.Google Scholar
  10. Choudri, B. S., Baawain, M., Al-Sidairi, A., Al-Nadabi, H., Al-Raeesi, A., & Al-Zeidi, K. (2018). Assessment of land degradation through people’s perception and knowledge towards management in Oman. Journal Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 24(6), 1464–1476. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Choudri, B. S., Baawain, M., Al-Sidairi, A., Al-Nadabi, H., & Al-Zeidi, K. (2016b). Perception, knowledge and attitude towards environmental issues and management among residents of Al-Suwaiq Wilayat, Sultanate of Oman. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 23(5), 433–440. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO. (2008). Policy optical and alternative for the cultivation of fodder crops in Al-Batinah Region Sultanate of Oman. 1-147, FAO Regional Report, Egypt.Google Scholar
  13. FAO. (2009). State of food insecurity in the World 2009. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).Google Scholar
  14. Fiaz, S., Noor, M. A., & Aldosri, F. O. (2018). Achieving food security in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through innovation: Potential role of agricultural extension. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 17(4), 365–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gollin, D., Parente, S., & Rogerson, R. (2002). Role of agriculture in development. The American Economic Review, 92(2), 160–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. MAF. (1993). 1992/1993 agriculture censes report. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman.Google Scholar
  17. MAF. (2005). 2004/2005 agriculture census report. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman.Google Scholar
  18. MAF. (2013). 2012/2013 agricultural census report. Ministry of Agricultural and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman.Google Scholar
  19. MAF & ICBA. (2012). Oman salinity strategy, Annex 1. Assessment of salinity problem. A report prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, pp 1–165.Google Scholar
  20. MoA. (2008). The state of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in Oman. Directorate General of Agriculture & Livestock Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Sultanate of Oman.
  21. MoA. (2009). Agricultural and livestock research-annual reports 2007-09. Directorate General of Agriculture and Livestock Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Sultanate of Oman.Google Scholar
  22. OSS. (2012). Oman salinity strategy report (OSS). Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman and International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, Dubai, UAE.Google Scholar
  23. Patil, V. C., Al-Gaadi, K. A., Madugundu, R., Tole, E., Marey, S., Mulla, D., et al. (2016). Response of Rhodes grass to variable rate application of irrigation water and fertilizer nitrogen. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53(3), 599–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathiya Al-Aufi
    • 1
  • Malik Al-Wardy
    • 1
  • B. S. Choudri
    • 2
  • Mushtaque Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatOman
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Studies and ResearchSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatOman

Personalised recommendations