Advertisement

Utilization of shredded waste plastic bags to improve impact and abrasion resistance of concrete

  • 336 Accesses

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

Plastic bags (PB) have become a requisite part of human beings in the present time. Hundreds of varieties of plastic bags are used for packing and protecting general things. The disposal of PB is a prime environmental problem which significantly threatens the environment, as its disposal affects fertility of land due to its non-biodegradable nature; it lowers useful land area and generates toxic gases on incineration. Hence, there is a requirement of useful applications for these increased quantities of wastes. The usage of waste plastic bags (WPB) in concrete not only solve dumping crisis of WPB but also yields cost-effective concrete, which is worthy to both plastic recycling and construction industry. In this study, the influence of shredded WPB as fine aggregate on the properties of concrete was evaluated. The replacement of WPB was maintained at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% by weight of fine aggregate. The finding of the tested samples showed that the workability, density, compressive strength, flexural strength, static and dynamic modulus of elasticity of concrete samples decreased with increase in the WPB content, while penetrability to water increased. Microstructural analysis of the plastic waste concrete (PWC) specimens was carried out using scanning electron microscope. The microstructural studies indicated the presence of voids and openings between mortar matrix and WPB which was the main reason for the inferior properties of PWC. However, there has been a significant improvement in abrasion resistance, impact resistance and energy absorption capacity of PWC.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20

References

  1. ACI:318. (2015). Building code requirements for structural concrete. American Concrete Institute and International Organization for Standardization.

  2. ACI:544. (1999). Measurement of properties of fiber reinforced concrete. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, United States.

  3. Albano, C., Camacho, N., Hernandez, M., Matheus, A., & Gutierrez, A. (2009). Influence of content and particle size of waste pet bottles on concrete behavior at different w/c ratios. Waste Management,29, 2707–2716.

  4. AL-Hadithi, A. I., & Hilal, N. N. (2016). The possibility of enhancing some properties of self-compacting concrete by adding waste plastic fibers. Journal of Building Engineering,8, 20–28.

  5. Alqahtani, F. K., Khan, M. I., Ghataora, G., & Dirar, S. (2016). Production of recycled plastic aggregates and its utilization in concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,29, 04016248.

  6. AL-Tulaian, B. S., AL-Shannag, M. J., & AL-Hozaimy, A. R. (2016). Recycled plastic waste fibers for reinforcing Portland cement mortar. Construction and Building Materials,127, 102–110.

  7. ASTM:C469. (2014). Standard test method for static modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of concrete in compression, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

  8. ASTM:C597. (2016). Standard test method for pulse velocity through concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

  9. Bayasi, Z., & Zeng, J. (1993). Properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete. Materials Journal,90, 605–610.

  10. Bhogayata, A. C., & Arora, N. K. (2017). Fresh and strength properties of concrete reinforced with metalized plastic waste fibers. Construction and Building Materials,146, 455–463.

  11. Bhogayata, A., & Arora, N. (2018). Feasibility study on usage of metalized plastic waste in concrete. In International congress and exhibition” sustainable civil infrastructures: Innovative infrastructure geotechnology, 2018. Springer, pp. 328–337.

  12. Bhogayata, A., Shah, K., & Arora, N. (2013). Strength properties of concrete containing post-consumer metalized plastic wastes. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology,2, 1–4.

  13. Bhogayata, A., Shah, K., Vyas, B., & Arora, N. (2012). Performance of concrete by using non-recyclable plastic wastes as concrete constituent. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 1(4), 1–3.

  14. BIS:10262. (2009). Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS). Guidelines for concrete mix proportioning. New Delhi, India.

  15. BIS:1237. (2012). Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS). Cement concrete flooring tiles-specification. New Delhi, India.

  16. BIS:383. (2016). Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS). Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural source for concrete. New Delhi, India.

  17. Borg, R. P., Baldacchino, O., & Ferrara, L. (2016). Early age performance and mechanical characteristics of recycled PET fibre reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials,108, 29–47.

  18. Bouziani, T., Benmounah, A., Makhloufi, Z., Bédérina, M., & Queneudec T’kint, M. (2014). Properties of flowable sand concretes reinforced by polypropylene fibers. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology,28, 1823–1834.

  19. BS EN:12350-2. (2009). British Standard (BSI). Testing fresh concrete. Slump-test.

  20. BS EN:12350-4. (2009). British Standard (BSI). Testing fresh concrete. Degree of compactability.

  21. BS EN:12390-3. (2009). British Standard (BSI). Testing hardened concrete. Compressive strength of test specimens.

  22. BS EN:12390-5. (2009). British Standard (BSI). Testing hardened concrete. Flexural strength of test specimens.

  23. Choi, Y.-W., Moon, D.-J., Chung, J.-S., & Cho, S.-K. (2005). Effects of waste PET bottles aggregate on the properties of concrete. Cement and Concrete Research,35, 776–781.

  24. Colangelo, F., Cioffi, R., Liguori, B., & Iucolano, F. (2016). Recycled polyolefins waste as aggregates for lightweight concrete. Composites Part B Engineering,106, 234–241.

  25. CPCB (2015). Annual report by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, India. http://cpcb.nic.in/annual-report.php.

  26. DAVE. (2016). https://www.indiatoday.in/pti-feed/story/15342-tn-plastic-waste-generated-in-india-everyday-dave-677421-2016-08-02. Indiatoday, New Delhi, India.

  27. DIN:1048. (1991). Testing concrete: Testing of hardened concrete specimens prepared in mould, Part 5. Deutsches Institut fur Normung, Germany.

  28. Ferreira, L., De Brito, J., & Saikia, N. (2012). Influence of curing conditions on the mechanical performance of concrete containing recycled plastic aggregate. Construction and Building Materials,36, 196–204.

  29. Foti, D. (2013). Use of recycled waste pet bottles fibers for the reinforcement of concrete. Composite Structures,96, 396–404.

  30. Frigione, M. (2010). Recycling of PET bottles as fine aggregate in concrete. Waste Management,30, 1101–1106.

  31. Ghaly, A. M., & Gill, M. S. (2004). Compression and deformation performance of concrete containing postconsumer plastics. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,16, 289–296.

  32. Ghernouti, Y., Rabehi, B., Bouziani, T., Ghezraoui, H., & Makhloufi, A. (2015). Fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete containing plastic bag waste fibers (WFSCC). Construction and Building Materials,82, 89–100.

  33. Ghernouti, Y., Rabehi, B., Safi, B., & Chaid, R. (2011). Use of recycled plastic bag waste in the concrete. The International Journal of Scientific Publications: Material, Methods and Technologies.

  34. Gupta, T., Chaudhary, S., & Sharma, R. K. (2016). Mechanical and durability properties of waste rubber fiber concrete with and without silica fume. Journal of Cleaner Production,112, 702–711.

  35. Gupta, T., Tiwari, A., Siddique, S., Sharma, R. K., & Chaudhary, S. (2017). Response assessment under dynamic loading and microstructural investigations of rubberized concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,29, 04017062.

  36. Hama, S. M., & Hilal, N. N. (2017). Fresh properties of self-compacting concrete with plastic waste as partial replacement of sand. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 6, 299–308.

  37. Hannawi, K., Kamali-Bernard, S., & Prince, W. (2010). Physical and mechanical properties of mortars containing PET and PC waste aggregates. Waste Management,30, 2312–2320.

  38. Hannawi, K., & Prince-Agbodjan, W. (2014). Transfer behaviour and durability of cementitious mortars containing polycarbonate plastic wastes. European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering,19, 467–481.

  39. Islam, G. S., & Gupta, S. D. (2016). Evaluating plastic shrinkage and permeability of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment,5, 345–354.

  40. Islam, M. J., Meherier, M. S., & Islam, A. K. M. R. (2016). Effects of waste PET as coarse aggregate on the fresh and harden properties of concrete. Construction and Building Materials,125, 946–951.

  41. Ismail, Z. Z., & AL-Hashmi, E. A. (2008). Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement. Waste Management,28, 2041–2047.

  42. Kan, A., & Demirboğa, R. (2009). A novel material for lightweight concrete production. Cement & Concrete Composites,31, 489–495.

  43. Kim, S. B., Yi, N. H., Kim, H. Y., Kim, J.-H. J., & Song, Y.-C. (2010). Material and structural performance evaluation of recycled PET fiber reinforced concrete. Cement & Concrete Composites,32, 232–240.

  44. Liu, F., Yan, Y., Li, L., Lan, C., & Chen, G. (2013). Performance of recycled plastic-based concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,27, A4014004.

  45. Marthong, C., & Sarma, D. K. (2015). Influence of PET fiber geometry on the mechanical properties of concrete: an experimental investigation. European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering,20, 771–784.

  46. Marzouk, O. Y., Dheilly, R., & Queneudec, M. (2007). Valorization of post-consumer waste plastic in cementitious concrete composites. Waste Management,27, 310–318.

  47. Mohammadhosseini, H., Tahir, M. M., & Sam, A. R. M. (2018). The feasibility of improving impact resistance and strength properties of sustainable concrete composites by adding waste metalized plastic fibres. Construction and Building Materials,169, 223–236.

  48. Muthukumar, M., & Mohan, D. (2004). Studies on polymer concretes based on optimized aggregate mix proportion. European Polymer Journal,40, 2167–2177.

  49. Naik, T. R., Singh, S. S., Huber, C. O., & Brodersen, B. S. (1996). Use of post-consumer waste plastics in cement-based composites. Cement and Concrete Research,26, 1489–1492.

  50. Neville, A. M., & Brooks, J. J. (1987). Concrete technology (1st ed.). New York: Longman Scientific & Technical.

  51. Rahmani, E., Dehestani, M., Beygi, M. H. A., Allahyari, H., & Nikbin, I. M. (2013). On the mechanical properties of concrete containing waste PET particles. Construction and Building Materials,47, 1302–1308.

  52. Ramadevi, K., & Manju, R. (2012). Experimental investigation on the properties of concrete with plastic PET (bottle) fibres as fine aggregates. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering,2, 42–46.

  53. Ruiz-Herrero, J. L., Velasco Nieto, D., Lopez-Gil, A., Arranz, A., Fernandez, A., Lorenzana, A., et al. (2016). Mechanical and thermal performance of concrete and mortar cellular materials containing plastic waste. Construction and Building Materials,104, 298–310.

  54. Saikia, N., & De Brito, J. (2014). Mechanical properties and abrasion behaviour of concrete containing shredded PET bottle waste as a partial substitution of natural aggregate. Construction and Building Materials,52, 236–244.

  55. Sharma, R., & Bansal, P. P. (2016). Use of different forms of waste plastic in concrete - a review. Journal of Cleaner Production,112, 473–482.

  56. Shetty, M. (2013). Concrete technology. Published by S. Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi 1999.

  57. Siddique, R., Khatib, J., & Kaur, I. (2008). Use of recycled plastic in concrete: A review. Waste Management,28, 1835–1852.

  58. Soroushian, P., Plasencia, J., & Ravanbakhsh, S. (2003). Assessment of reinforcing effects of recycled plastic and paper in concrete. Materials Journal,100, 203–207.

  59. Thorneycroft, J., Orr, J., Savoikar, P., & Ball, R. (2018). Performance of structural concrete with recycled plastic waste as a partial replacement for sand. Construction and Building Materials,161, 63–69.

  60. Topçu, İ. B., & Bilir, T. (2009). Experimental investigation of some fresh and hardened properties of rubberized self-compacting concrete. Materials and Design,30, 3056–3065.

  61. Wallace, T. (2017). A report on global plastic waste totals 4.9 billion tonnes. https://cosmosmagazine.com/society/global-plastic-waste-totals-4-9-billion-tonnes. Cosmos magazine, The science of everything, Melbourne.

  62. Yang, S., Yue, X., Liu, X., & Tong, Y. (2015). Properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete containing recycled plastic particles. Construction and Building Materials,84, 444–453.

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, for financial support of this study (No. DST/SSTP/Rajasthan/331).

Author information

Correspondence to Trilok Gupta.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Jain, A., Siddique, S., Gupta, T. et al. Utilization of shredded waste plastic bags to improve impact and abrasion resistance of concrete. Environ Dev Sustain 22, 337–362 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0204-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Plastic bags
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Impact resistance
  • Energy absorption capacity
  • Microstructural analysis