Advertisement

Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 2963–2977 | Cite as

Farmers’ awareness and perception of climate change impacts: case study of Aguie district in Niger

  • Abdou Matsalabi Ado
  • Jin LeshanEmail author
  • Patrice Savadogo
  • Li Bo
  • Ashfaq Ahmad Shah
Article

Abstract

The agricultural sector is the main source of rural households’ food and revenue in Niger, and it contributes approximately 43% to the national GDP. However, there are several constraints to the sector’s development, including negative impacts of climate change. To mitigate these impacts, farmers implement a range of technical strategies. The extent of farmer’s awareness and perceptions of climate change impacts influences these strategies and hence farmers’ level of adaptation. This study was undertaken to assess farmers’ awareness and perceptions of climate change impacts in Aguie Department, Niger Republic. Descriptive statistics and a regression model were used for data analysis. The results from a descriptive analysis show that the majority of respondents (84.4%) were aware of climate risks, but had differing perceptions of climate change impacts on production and annual revenue. A regression test revealed that climate-related information is highly significant in determining farmers’ awareness of climate change impacts. Most of the respondents reported negative impacts from climate change, and the majority, therefore, adjusted their farming system, albeit at different levels. A probit analysis shows that awareness, perception, education, crop production, soil fertility and annual revenue are highly influential on farmers’ climate change impacts adaptation. This research highlights farmer awareness and perceptions as key factors in the climate change impacts adaptation debate. The findings reveal that effective adaptation to climate change impacts is highly dependent on the extent of community awareness and how farmers perceive the impacts of climate change. The study highlights that institutions targeting households’ livelihood improvement and making decisions concerning climate change adaptation need to focus on media outreach in local languages, improving locally adapted extension services, and developing water use efficiency measures such as improved irrigation for effective and long-term adaptation.

Keywords

Adaptation Awareness Climate change Dryland Impacts Perceptions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study, part of Ph.D. study, is supported by College of Humanities and Development studies (COHD) at China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. Partial funding for analysis time for the third author was provided by Dryland Development Programme (Drydev) and the European Union Land Restoration Project. Dr. John A. Meadows for proofreading and editing the paper. We would like to thank our supervisor for his patience, guidance and useful critiques. Thanks are due to John Meadows for proofreading and editing this paper.

References

  1. Abid, M., Scheffran, J., Schneider, U., & Ashfaq, M. (2015). Farmers’ perceptions of and adaptation strategies to climate change and their determinants: The case of Punjab province, Pakistan. Earth System Dynamics,6, 225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acquah, H. D. G., & Onumah, E. E. (2011). Farmers perception and adaptation to climate change: An estimation of willingness to pay. Agris on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics,3, 31.Google Scholar
  3. Adebayo, A., Onu, J., Adebayo, E., & Anyanwu, S. (2012). Farmers awareness, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Adamawa State Nigeria. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences,9, 104–115.Google Scholar
  4. Adger, W. N., Dessai, S., Goulden, M., Hulme, M., Lorenzoni, I., Nelson, D. R., et al. (2009). Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? Climatic Change,93, 335–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Aissatou, D. Y., & Berti, F. (2008). Les enjeux socioéconomiques autour de l’agroforesterie villageoise à Aguié. Tropicultura,26(3), 141–149.Google Scholar
  6. Ajayi, J. (2014). Awareness of climate change and implications for attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Agris on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics,6, 3.Google Scholar
  7. Andres, L., & Lebailly, P. (2013). Le sésame dans le département d’Aguié au Niger: analyse d’une culture aux atouts non-négligeables dans une zone agricole à forte potentialité. Tropicultura,31, 238–246.Google Scholar
  8. Ben Mohamed, A., van Duivenbooden, N., & Abdoussallam, S. (2002). Impact of climate change on agricultural production in the Sahel—part 1. Methodological approach and case study for millet in Niger. Climatic Change,54, 327–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bryan, E., Ringler, C., Okoba, B., Roncoli, C., Silvestri, S., & Herrero, M. (2013). Adapting agriculture to climate change in Kenya: Household strategies and determinants. Journal of Environmental Management,114, 26–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cooper, P., Dimes, J., Rao, K., Shapiro, B., Shiferaw, B., & Twomlow, S. (2008). Coping better with current climatic variability in the rain-fed farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa: An essential first step in adapting to future climate change? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment,126, 24–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cord, L., Hull, C., Hennet, C., & Van der Vink, G. (2008). Climate change and poverty : An integrated strategy for adaptation. PREM notes; No. 3. Special series on the economics of climate change. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/408391468153294282/Climate-change-and-poverty-an-integrated-strategy-for-adaptation. Accessed 28 Aug 2017.
  12. Creech, H., Akoh, B., & Parry, J.-E. (2014). ICTs for climate change adaptation in Africa. World Bank, Washington, DC: World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/19026 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO. Accessed 1 Aug 2017.
  13. Debela, N., Mohammed, C., Bridle, K., Corkrey, R., & McNeil, D. (2015). Perception of climate change and its impact by smallholders in pastoral/agropastoral systems of Borana, South Ethiopia. SpringerPlus,4, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Deressa, T. T., Hassan, R. M., & Ringler, C. (2011). Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia. The Journal of Agricultural Science,149, 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Diamandé, M., Dongo, K., Koné, B., Cissé, G., Biémi, J., & Bonfoh, B. (2008). Vulnérabilité de l’agriculture pluviale au changement de régime pluviométrique et adaptation des communautés rurales du « V-Baoulé » en Côte d’Ivoire. 14e colloque international en évaluation environnementale Niamey-Niger - 26 au 29 mai. http://www.sifee.org/static/uploaded/Files/ressources/actes-des-colloques/niamey/simultanee-2/2_DIOMANDE_comm.pdf. Accessed 23 July 2017.
  16. Dow, K. (1992). Exploring differences in our common future(s): The meaning of vulnerability to global environmental change. Geoforum,23, 417–436.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7185(92)90052-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Falaki, A., Akangbe, J., & Ayinde, O. (2013). Analysis of climate change and rural farmers’ perception in North Central Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology,43, 133–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fosu-Mensah, B. Y., Vlek, P. L. G., & MacCarthy, D. S. (2012). Farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change: a case study of Sekyedumase district in Ghana Environment. Development and Sustainability,14, 495–505.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-012-9339-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grothmann, T., & Patt, A. (2005). Adaptive capacity and human cognition: The process of individual adaptation to climate change. Global Environmental Change,15, 199–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Haglund, E., Ndjeunga, J., Snook, L., & Pasternak, D. (2011). Dry land tree management for improved household livelihoods: farmer managed natural regeneration in Niger. Journal of Environmental Management,92, 1696–1705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. INS (National Institute of Statistics) (2014) Le Niger en Chiffres. Direction Générale de l’Institut National de la Statistique, Ministere de Plan, de L’Amenagement du Territoire et du Developpement Communautaire. 182, Rue de la Sirba, BP 13416, Niamey, Niger. http://www.ins.ne. Accessed 24 July 2017.
  22. IPCC. (2014). Climate change: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Summaries, frequently asked questions, and cross-chapter boxes. In C. B. Field, V. R. Barros, D. J. Dokken, K. J. Mach, M. D. Mastrandrea, T. E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K. L. Ebi, Y. O. Estrada, R. C. Genova, B. Girma, E. S. Kissel, A. N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P. R. Mastrandrea, & L. L. White (Eds.), A contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (p. 190). Geneva: World Meteorological Organization p.Google Scholar
  23. Jalloh, A., Nelson, G. C., Thomas, T. S., Zougmoré, R. B., & Roy-Macauley, H. (2013). West African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis, Chapter 9. Washington: IFPRI Research Monograph, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).  https://doi.org/10.2499/9780896292048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Juana, J. S., Kahaka, Z., & Okurut, F. N. (2013). Farmers’ perceptions and adaptations to climate change in sub-Sahara Africa: A synthesis of empirical studies and implications for public policy in African agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Science,5, 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kanta, S. (2007). La participation paysanne dans les activités du développement : Cas du projet Aguie. In Croisement des savoirs villageois et universitaires: Enjeux pour le développement local. Presse universitaire de Louvain, 1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgique. https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=3f6mFKTMBREC&pg=PA293&lpg=PA293&dq=%22Saley+kanta%22&source=bl&ots=xx1i7v4SQM&sig=CGBUz6Dv7aWGBba5wMS8S_hIXkc&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwia.
  26. Karfakis, P., Knowles, M., Smulders, M., & Capaldo, J. (2011). Effects of global warming on vulnerability to food insecurity in rural Nicaragua. ESA-FAO WP series, pp. 11–18.Google Scholar
  27. Maman, I. (2016). Etude intégrée de la résilience des systèmes sociaux de la limite nord des cultures pluviales dans le département de Goudoumaria face au changement climatique. These unique de doctorat de géographie. Université De Niamey, Niger. http://lasyresahel.ku.dk/publication/other/Dissertation_Th_se_Issoufou.pdf. Accessed 24 July 2016.
  28. Mandleni, B., & Anim, F. (2011). Perceptions of cattle and sheep farmers on climate change and adaptation in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Journal of Human Ecology,34, 107–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McCarthy, J. J. (2001). Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: Contribution of working group II to the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Niger Governement. (2016). Statistiques de l’éducation de base et alphabetisation. Annuaire 2015–2016. Niamey: Niger Governement.Google Scholar
  31. Nyuor, A. B., Donkor, E., Aidoo, R., Buah, S. S., Naab, J. B., Nutsugah, S. K., & Bayala, J. (2016).Google Scholar
  32. PANA-Niger. (2008). Programme d’action nationale pour l’adaptation aux changements climatiques. Niamey: PANA-Niger.Google Scholar
  33. Peng, C.-Y. J., Lee, K. L., & Ingersoll, G. M. (2002). An introduction to logistic regression analysis and reporting. The Journal of Educational Research,96, 3–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ringler, C., Zhu, T., Cai, X., Koo, J., & Wang, D. (2010). Climate change impacts on food security in sub-Saharan Africa. IFPRI discussion paper. Retrieved from http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01042.pdf. Accessed 23 July 2017.
  35. Seo, S. N., & Mendelsohn, R. O. (2007a). Climate change impacts on animal husbandry in Africa: A Ricardian analysis. World Bank policy research working paper.Google Scholar
  36. Seo, S. N., & Mendelsohn, R. O. (2007b). The impact of climate change on livestock management in Africa: A structural Ricardian analysis. Washington DC: World Bank Publications.Google Scholar
  37. Shukla, G., Kumar, A., Pala, N. A., & Chakravarty, S. (2016). Farmers perception and awareness of climate change: a case study from Kanchandzonga Biosphere Reserve, India. Environment, Development and Sustainability,18, 1167–1176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sofoluwe, N., Tijani, A., & Baruwa, O. (2011). Farmers perception and adaptation to climate change in Osun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research,6, 4789–4794.Google Scholar
  39. Umar, S. (2016). Awareness, manifestation and information sources on climate change among irrigation farmers in Katsina State, Nigeria. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences,3, 37–41.Google Scholar
  40. Umar, S., Olaleye, R., Ndanitsa, M., Ibrahim, M., Tsado, J., & Sadiq, M. (2013). Capacity building needs of farmers for safe agro-chemical use/application in Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension,17, 152–161.  https://doi.org/10.4314/jae.v17i1.15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdou Matsalabi Ado
    • 1
  • Jin Leshan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Patrice Savadogo
    • 3
  • Li Bo
    • 1
  • Ashfaq Ahmad Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Humanities and Development StudiesChina Agricultural UniversityHaidian District, BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.China Eco-compensation Policy Research Center (CEPRC), College of Humanities and DevelopmentChina Agricultural UniversityHaidian District, BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), West and Central, Africa Regional Office - Sahel NodeBamakoMali

Personalised recommendations