Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 2721–2731 | Cite as

Community viewpoints about water crisis, conservation and recycling: a case study in Tehran

  • Mozhgan MoshtaghEmail author
  • Mohaddeseh Mohsenpour


Water resources management to maintain a balance between demand and supply requires new technologies such as alternative water supply systems, specifically in arid and semiarid regions. This case study aimed to examine the community views about water issues as well as management strategies such as conservation and recycling that was conducted on 380 residents in two municipal regions of Tehran. Data were collected from February 2016 to November 2016 by constructed questionnaire with 314 suitable participants responding. Results showed an association between attitudes toward water management, age, gender and education. Improving public knowledge and clarification would help to enhance social trust and positive attitudes, as well as encourage the adoption of more responsible behaviors toward water resources. The government, local association and water resources managers are key agents for the handling of sociocultural barriers for water resources sustainability in the world.


Water crisis Rainwater harvesting Gray water recycling Public viewpoints Regions of Tehran (Iran) 



We would like to acknowledge the University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences of Tehran for supporting this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All researchers declare no conflicts exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Nursing and MidwiferyMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran

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