Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 57–72 | Cite as

Conservation perceptions and attitudes of semi-nomadic pastoralist towards relocation and biodiversity management: a case study of Van Gujjars residing in and around Corbett Tiger Reserve, India

  • Aatif Hussain
  • Sabyasachi Dasgupta
  • Harendra Singh Bargali


This article examines the perceptions and attitude of the semi-nomadic pastoral community “Van Gujjars” on the use and conservation of natural resources in Corbett Tiger Reserve, India. In this research article, in-depth interview and questionnaire data (n = 340) about demography and perceptions were examined from both qualitative and quantitative information. Respondents have expressed their perception about their own territories, problems, attachments, positive or negative change that occurred during their stay in and around protected area. Respondents overall positive attitudes towards conservation scenarios despite high losses from wildlife while living around protected area suggest that they may support conservation if their livelihood needs are met. Most of the respondents support the concept of conservation, and some respondents have negative attitude towards management authorities, mainly because of restricted access to the forest resources. The study illustrates and suggests a number of options for the viability of resettlement of pastoralist community. A majority of respondents indicated that there is a need for public participation in planning and implementation of resettlement process. Resettlement of Van Gujjar community may be better if exercised with the consensus of all the stakeholders. Resettlement will provide better livelihood opportunity to the pastoral community and enhance the economic status of these people as the educational level increases in time, while also improving habitat recovery leading to better biodiversity conservation. Thus, resettlements could benefit both the pastoral people and the natural resources.


Relocation Protected area Perception Van Gujjars Pastoralist Conservation 



We are highly grateful to “The Corbett Foundation”, Dhikuli, Ramnagar, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, for providing necessary facilities funds. Sincere thanks are also due to the Forest Department officials for their kind support and cooperation. We are also thankful to the Van Gujjars for their cooperation during data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aatif Hussain
    • 1
  • Sabyasachi Dasgupta
    • 1
  • Harendra Singh Bargali
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and NRHNB Garhwal UniversitySrinagar, GarhwalIndia
  2. 2.The Corbett FoundationRamnagarIndia

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