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Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 1099–1127 | Cite as

Environmentally extended social accounting matrix for Chile

  • Alvaro Gallardo
  • Cristian MardonesEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study uses information from the input–output tables 2008, national accounts, household survey, and environmental pollutant emissions to elaborate an environmentally extended social accounting matrix for Chile. A linear multisector model is then generated in order to determine the effects that a sectoral shock on demand would have on economic development. The results show the typical economic trade-offs, concluding that it is necessary to consider economic relationships in order to assess the full impact of a sector on economic activity, income distribution, and pollution. The sectors commerce, construction, and food industry strongly increase economic growth and employment and decrease inequality. Nonetheless, when also considering the environmental effects, no sectors can be identified that contribute systematically and significantly to all the areas of economic development.

Keywords

Social accounting matrix Environment Economic development 

JEL Classification

C67 Q56 R58 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development (Fondecyt) (initiation project no. 11110007) for the finance it provided for this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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