Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1013–1024 | Cite as

An evaluation of fishery co-management experience in an Amazonian black-water river (Unini River, Amazon, Brazil)

  • Thaissa Sobreiro
  • Carlos Edwar de Carvalho Freitas
  • Karen Lorena Prado
  • Fabíola Aquino do Nascimento
  • Rafaela Vicentini
  • Aprígio Mota Moraes
Article

Abstract

We evaluated the implementation of a fishing agreement, which was created by negotiation among all users of the resources as a co-management strategy because its definition was a result of meetings between all users of the resources. The fishing agreement was implemented in Unini River, a tributary of the right bank of Negro River. Our approach was based on the perception of the people who live in that area, called ribeirinhos. The management strategy was based on spatial distribution of the different types of fishing. We used two logistic regression models to identify the variables which are important to determine the previous concordance and satisfaction with the agreement. First, we analyzed the initial effort to implement the agreement. The variable that influenced the decision of support for the agreement and satisfaction with the results of agreement in both models was the distance from the interviewee’s residence to the sport fishing area. The results showed that the perception of improvement in well-being of the communities and structured social organization are crucial for the success of the co-management strategy.

Keywords

Small-scale fisheries Conflicts Co-management Amazonian fisheries 

References

  1. Bennett, E., Neiland, A., Anang, E., Bannerman, P., Rahman, A. A., Huq, S., et al. (2001). Towards a better understanding of conflict management in tropical fisheries: evidence from Ghana, Bangladesh and the Caribbean. Marine Policy, 25, 365–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berkes, F. (2003). Alternatives to conventional management: Lessons from small-scale fisheries. Environments, 31, 5–19.Google Scholar
  3. Castro, F., & McGrath, D. G. (2003). Moving toward sustainability in the local management of Floodplain Lake Fisheries in the Brazilian Amazon. Human Organ, 62, 123–133.Google Scholar
  4. Crampton, W. G. R. (1999). Plano de manejo preliminar para o uso sustentável de peixes ornamentais na Reserva Mamirauá. In H. L. Queiroz & W. G. R. Crampton (Eds.), Estratégias de manejo para recursos pesqueiros na Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá (pp. 159–176). Brasília: MCT-CNPq/Sociedade Civil Mamirauá.Google Scholar
  5. Diegues, A. C. S. D. (1993). O Movimento Social dos Pescadores Artesanais Brasileiros. Série Documentos e Relatórios de Pesquisa. Centro de Culturas Marítimas (p. 22). São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.Google Scholar
  6. Freitas, C. E. C., Batista, V. S., & Inhamuns, A. J. (2002). Strategies of the small-scale fisheries on the Central Amazon floodplain. Acta Amazonica, 32, 1–7.Google Scholar
  7. Freitas, C. E. C., & Rivas, A. A. F. (2002). Peixe: A sustentabilidade de um recurso comum na Amazônia. In A. A. F. Rivas & C. E. C. Freitas (Eds.), Amazônia: Uma Perspectiva Interdisciplinar (pp. 180–225). Manaus: Editora da Universidade do Amazonas.Google Scholar
  8. Freitas, C. E. C., & Rivas, A. A. F. (2006). A pesca e os recursos pesqueiros na Amazônia Ocidental. Ciência e Cultura, 58(3), 30–32.Google Scholar
  9. Freitas, C. E. C., Rivas, A. A. F., & Kahn, J. R. (2005) Self-regulation and co-management of fisheries resources in the Amazon basin. In C. A. Brebia, E. Tiezzi, S. Jorgensen, & D. Almorza-Gomar, [org.] ECOSUD 2005. Advances in Ecological Sciences 1 (pp. 238–246). Wessex: Ed. WESSEX WIT.Google Scholar
  10. Isaac, V. J., & Cerdeira, R. G. P. (2004). Avaliação e monitoramento de impacto dos acordos de pesca na região do médio Amazonas. Documentos Técnicos 3. Manaus: Ibama/Provarzea.Google Scholar
  11. Jentoft, S. (2003). Co-management—the way forward. In D. C. Wilson, J. R. Nielsen, & P. Degnbol (Eds.), Fisheries co-management experiences in Latin America and the Caribbean. Fish and Fisheries Series (Vol. 26, pp. 1–14). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.Google Scholar
  12. Leite, R. G., & Zuanon, J. A. (1993). Peixes ornamentais: Aspectos de comercialização, ecologia, legislação e propostas de ação para um melhor aproveitamento. In A. L. Val, R. Figliuolo, & E. Feldberg (Eds.), Bases Científicas para Estratégias de Preservação e Desenvolvimento da Amazônia: Fatos e Perspectivas (pp. 327–331). Manaus: INPA.Google Scholar
  13. McGoodwin, J. R. (2002). Métodos para Estudiar las Culturas de las Comunidades Pesqueras en Pequeña Escala. Comprender las culturas de las comunidades pesqueras: clave para la ordenación pesquera y la seguridad alimentaria. FAO Documento Técnico de Pesca. No. 401. Roma: FAO.Google Scholar
  14. McGrath, D. G., Castro, F., Futemma, C., Amaral, B. D., & Calábria, J. (1993). Fisheries and the evolution of resource management on the lower Amazon floodplain. Human Ecology, 21, 167–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moran, E. F. (1990). A ecologia humana das populações da Amazônia. Petrópolis: Vozes.Google Scholar
  16. Pereira, H. S. (2004). Iniciativa de co-gestão dos recursos naturais da várzea. Manaus: Estudo do Amazonas, Documento Técnico. IBAMA/ProVárzea.Google Scholar
  17. Petrere, M. (1978). Pesca e esforço de pesca no estado do Amazonas. II. Locais, aparelhos de captura e estatísticas de desembarque. Acta Amazonica, 8, 1–54.Google Scholar
  18. Schrank, W. E. (2007). Is there any hope for fisheries management? Marine Policy, 31, 299–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Silva, A. L., Begossi, A., & Begossi, A. (2004). Uso de recursos por ribeirinhos no Médio rio Negro. In A. Begossi (Ed.), Ecologia de Pescadores da Mata Atlântica e da Amazônia (pp. 89–148). São Paulo: Ed. Hucitec, NEPAM/UNICAMP, NUPAUB/USP.Google Scholar
  20. Silvano, R. A. M., Silva, A. L., Ceroni, M., & Begossi, A. (2008). Contributions of ethnobiology to the conservation of tropical Rivers and streams. Aquatic Conservation, 18, 241–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thaissa Sobreiro
    • 1
  • Carlos Edwar de Carvalho Freitas
    • 1
  • Karen Lorena Prado
    • 1
  • Fabíola Aquino do Nascimento
    • 1
  • Rafaela Vicentini
    • 2
  • Aprígio Mota Moraes
    • 3
  1. 1.Federal University of Amazonas—UFAMManausBrazil
  2. 2.Biodiversity Conservation Chico Mendes Institute/CEPAMManausBrazil
  3. 3.Amazon Research Institute, INPA/CPBA/LPPManausBrazil

Personalised recommendations