Non-timber forest product dependence among the Jah Hut subgroup of Peninsular Malaysia’s Orang Asli
- First Online:
- 349 Downloads
Non-timber forest products (NTFP) represent key sources of cash and subsistence income for millions of rural and indigenous peoples living in tropical developing countries throughout the world. The current study investigates the use and significance of NTFP within a sample of Peninsular Malaysia’s Orang Asli (indigenous people). Data collected via household surveys across three sampling phases reveals that more than 75% of the population is actively engaged in NTFP collection. Household responses indicate diversity in both the types and uses of products collected. NTFP collection participation, frequency of collection, and collection reliance are found to be significantly negatively related to village proximity to the market, as well as to income level relative to the Malaysian poverty line. When collection variables are examined by different product categories, relationships with market access and income group are variable. Implications for different approaches to forest conservation and rural development are discussed.
KeywordsJah Hut Malaysia Non-timber forest products NTFP Orang Asli Poverty
- Couillard, M. A. (1980). Tradition in tension: Carving in a Jah Hut community. Penang: Universiti Sains Malaysia.Google Scholar
- FAO. (2005). Global Forest Resources Assessment. Cited November 13, 2006, form http://www.fao.org/forestry/site/28699/en.
- Gomes, A. (1986). Looking-for-money: Simple commodity production in the economy of the Tapah Semai of Malaysia. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
- Howell, C. J. (2006). Non-timber forest product collection as a livelihood strategy for rural indigenous households: A case study of the Jah Hut of Peninsular Malaysia. Dissertation, University of California.Google Scholar
- Kramer, R., van Schaik, C. P., & Johnson, J. (1997). Last stand: Protected areas and the defense of tropical biodiversity. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Lim, H. F., & Noor, N. S. M. (1995). Beyond timber: Social, economic and cultural aspects of rattan in Malaysia. Available via FAO Corporate Document Repository. Cited June 18, 2008, from http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5336e/x5336e0l.htm.
- Malaysian Timber Council. (2005). Fact sheets: Forestry and environment. Cited May 15, 2007, from http://www.mtc.com.my/publication/mtc_factsheet05_low.pdf.
- Nair, M. N. B., Sahri, M. H., & Ashaari, Z. (Eds.). (1998). Sustainable management of non-wood forest products. In: Proceedings of an international workshop held at University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, 14–17 October 1997.Google Scholar
- Nicholas, C. (1997). The Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia. Cited June 8, 2006, from http://www.magickriver.net/oa.htm.
- Oates, J. F. (1999). Myth and reality in the rain forest: How conservation strategies are failing in West Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Paumgarten, F. (2005). The role of non-timber forest products as safety-nets: A review of evidence with a focus on South Africa. Geo Journal, 64, 197–198.Google Scholar
- Repetto, R., & Gillis, M. (Eds.). (1988). Public policies and the misuse of forest resources. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Shackleton, C., & Shackleton, S. (2004). The importance of non-timber forest products in rural livelihood security and as safety nets: A review of evidence from South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 100, 658–664.Google Scholar
- Sills, E. O., Sharachchandra, L., & Holmes, T. P. (2003). NTFP in the rural household economy. In E. O. Sills, K. L. Abt, et al. (Eds.), Forests in a market economy. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
- United Nations Country Team. (2005). Malaysia: Achieving the millennium development goals-successes and challenges. Cited July 25, 2006, from http://www.undp.org.my/index.php?navi_id=8.
- United States Department of State. (2006). Malaysia: Country reports on human rights practices. Cited June 8, 2006, from http://www.stategov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61615.htm.
- Vedeld, P., Angelsen, A., Sjaastad, E., et al. (2004). Counting on the Environment: Forest Incomes and the Rural Poor. World Bank Environment Department. Available via Eldis. Cited May 15, 2007, from http://www.eldis.org/static/DOC15122.htm.