Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 745–767 | Cite as

Social determinants of soil and water conservation in rural Kenya

  • Wilfred NyangenaEmail author


Soil erosion is a major environmental problem and threat to rural development in Kenya. Numerous attempts to address the problem have apparently had little success. There are however some districts that have been very successful, notably Machakos. In this study we search for the factors that determine successful development in soil conservation such as social capital, human capital and market integration. One of our main results is that social capital measures are significant determinants of investment in soil conservation. A better understanding of the relevant mechanisms is essential for developing policies targeting improvement in natural resource management.

JEL Classification

Z13 Q10 Q16 O13 


Kenya Social and economic factors Soil conservation Random effects probit 



I owe thanks to Professors Thomas Sterner, Olof Johansson-Stenman, Fredrik Carlson, Gardner Brown and Stein Holden for their very helpful comments. Thanks also to the two anonymous referees for their comments. Financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) is highly appreciated and acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EconomicsUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

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