Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 427–440

Watershed development in India. 2. New approaches for managing externalities and meeting sustainability requirements

  • Ian Calder
  • Ashvin Gosain
  • M. S. Rama Mohan Rao
  • Charles Batchelor
  • James Garratt
  • Emma Bishop
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10668-006-9073-0

Cite this article as:
Calder, I., Gosain, A., Rao, M.S.R.M. et al. Environ Dev Sustain (2008) 10: 427. doi:10.1007/s10668-006-9073-0


This paper recognises the need for a revision of watershed development policy in India in relation to the planning of development interventions involving agricultural intensification and rainwater harvesting and the need for new approaches to assist the planning process. Building on, and using as an example, the results of biophysical and societal impact studies carried out on two watershed development projects in Karnataka three new management/dissemination tools, are suggested. These are (1) the web-based geographical information systems exploratory, climate land assessment and impact management tool dissemination tool for disseminating to policymakers and non-specialist stakeholders the downstream impacts of watershed interventions, (2) the ‘quadrant’ approach for ensuring that sustainability criteria are met and (3) Bayesian networks to investigate the biophysical and societal impacts of interventions.


Bayesian networks Dissemination tool Externality Management tools Rainwater harvesting Sustainable water resources Watershed management 



Bijapur integrated rural development society (an NGO for the Inchigeri area)


Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research


Department for International Development


EXploratory, Climate Land Assessment and Impact Management tool


Soil Water Assessment Tool


Green and Blue water


Geographical Information Systems


HYdrological Land Use Change


Jala Samvardhane Yojana Sangha, a World Bank programme responsible for implementing the Karnataka community-based tank management project


Karnataka Watershed Development Society


Soil Conservation Service


Soil and Water Conservation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Calder
    • 1
  • Ashvin Gosain
    • 2
  • M. S. Rama Mohan Rao
    • 3
  • Charles Batchelor
    • 1
  • James Garratt
    • 1
  • Emma Bishop
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Land use and Water Resources ResearchUniversity of NewcastleNewcastle Upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of TechnologyDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Jala Samvardhane Yojana SanghaBangaloreIndia

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