Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 473–486

Rural women and agrotourism in the context of sustainable rural development: A case study from Turkey

  • Nevin Akpinar
  • İlkden Talay
  • Coşkun Ceylan
  • Sultan Gündüz
Article

Abstract

As in many developing countries also in Turkey, agriculture is on the center of rural development and rural women are on the center of agriculture. Although they are main part as a major labor force at every stage of agricultural activity and undertake responsibilities such as domestic task and childcare, women do not profit from social and economic benefits proportionate to the responsibilities they have undertaken.

Agrotourism is an alternative activity in the rural development process, which combines agriculture and tourism, improves natural resources, contributes the rural area socially and economically.

The aim of this study is to examine the participation conditions of rural women to the agrotourism activities, which is considered as an option in the context of sustainable rural development, and to identify the possible social and economic implications of agrotourism on the rural women’s life, after determining the situation and importance of rural women in the agricultural activity. This research was carried out in three villages of Kalecik district of Ankara and data gathered from group meetings and surveys.

Key words

agrotourism rural women sustainable rural development 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abay, C., Saner, G. and Atış,, E.: 1996, İzmir Yöresinde Kadın Eğitimine Yönelik Hizmetlerin Kadının Kırsal Alanda İstihdamına Etkisi, T.C. Başbakanlık Kadının Statüsü ve Sorunları Genel Müdürlü ğü Raporu (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  2. Adekanye, T.O.: 1984, ‘Women in agriculture in Nigeria: Problems and policies for development’, Women’s Studies International Forum 7(6), 423–431.Google Scholar
  3. Altunpıçak, T.: 2001, Polatlı İlçesine Gelen Gezici Kadın Tarım İşçilerininÇalısma ve Yaşam Koşulları ile SorunlarıÜzerine bir Araştırma, Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous: 2003a, Promoting Sustainable Rural Development Through Agriculture. Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Minister of Public Works and Government Services, No: CD4-8/2003. Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Anonymous: 2003b, Rural Women: High productivity, even higher poverty. www.undp/org/rbloc/gender/ruralwomen.html.Google Scholar
  6. Anonymous: 2003c, Role of women in Agriculture. www.fao.org/docrep.Google Scholar
  7. Bhuvaneswari, S. and Kannan, K.: 1999, ‘Women in agriculture and rural development’, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 54(3), 324.Google Scholar
  8. Busby, G. and Rendle, S.: 2000, ‘The transition from tourism on farms to farm tourism’, Tourism Management 21(2000), 635–642.Google Scholar
  9. Dernol, L.A.: 1983, ‘Farm tourism in Europea’, Tourism Management 4(3), 155–166.Google Scholar
  10. Dolors Garcia Ramon, M., Canoves, G. and Valdovinos, N.: 1995, ‘Farm tourism, gender and the environment in Spain’, Annals of Tourism Research 22(2), 267–282.Google Scholar
  11. Edris, A.: 1999, ‘Agrarian change and rural women: The Malaysian experience’, Asian Journal of Women Studies 5(4), 28–56.Google Scholar
  12. Gidarakou, I.: 1999, ‘Young women’s attitudes towards agriculture and women’s new roles in Greek countryside: A first approach’, Journal of Rural Studies 15(2), 147–158. Printed in Great Britain.Google Scholar
  13. Golley, F.B. and Bellot, J.: 1999, Rural Planning from an Environmental System Perspective, 376 p., New York, USA, Springer Verlag, pp. 4–6.Google Scholar
  14. Gülçubuk, B.: 1999, ‘Tarımsal üretimde ve kırsal kalkınmadaki kadının yeri ve önemi’, Tarım ve Köy Dergisi, s. 125, 36–41 (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  15. Gün, S. and Gülçubuk, B.: 1995, ‘Kırsal kesimin gizli gücü: Üretici kadınlarımız’, Mülkiyeliler Birliği Dergisi Iss. 182, 32–39. Ankara (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  16. Kantar, M. and Budak, D.: 2001, ‘Kırsal kalkınmada 20. Yü zyılın son stratejisi sürdürülebilir kalkınmanın kırsal kadınlar açısından değerlendirilmesi’, Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 16(3), 105–110 (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  17. Mesl, M.: 1998, Rural women’s participation in decision making in Slovenia, European Commission on Agriculture (ECA), Ninth Session of the Working Party on Women and the Family in Rural Development, www.fao.org/UNFAO.Google Scholar
  18. Morvaridi, B.: 1992, ‘Gender relation in Agriculture: Women in Turkey’, Economic Development and Cultural Change 40(3), 567.Google Scholar
  19. Protz, M.: 1998, Developing sustainable agricultural technologies with rural women in Jamaica: A participatory media approach, FAO documents, SD dimensions, www.fao.org/sd/CDdirect.Google Scholar
  20. Repassy, H.: 1991, ‘Chancing gender roles in Hungarian Agriculture’, Journal of Rural Studies 7(2), 23–29.Google Scholar
  21. Rickson, S.T. and Daniels, P.L.: 1999, ‘Rural women and decision making, women’s role in resource management during rural restructuring’, Rural Society 64(2), 234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saugeres, L.: 2002, ‘She’s not really a woman, she’s half a man: Gendered discourses of embodiment in a French farming community’, Womens Studies International Forum 25(6), 641–650.Google Scholar
  23. Taluğ, C.: 1998, ‘Gıdagüvenliği ve kadın, Konukevi Ç evresinden 10’, Yıl Seçkisi, Biyoetik Derneği Yayınları 4, 57–67, Ankara (In Turkish).Google Scholar
  24. UNCED: 1992, A Guide to Agenda 21, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, New York, UN Publications Service.Google Scholar
  25. Welford, R., Ytterhus, B. and Eligh, J.: 1999, ‘Tourism and sustainable development: An analysis of policiy and guidelines for managing provision and consumption’, Sustainable Development 7, 165–177.Google Scholar
  26. Yıldırak, N., Gülçubuk, N., Gün, S., Olhan, E. and Kılıc,, M.: 2003, Türkiye’ de Gezici ve Geçici Tarım İşçilerinin Çalışma ve Yaşam Koşulları ve Sorunları TÜBİTAK Proje Raporu (In Turkish).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nevin Akpinar
    • 1
  • İlkden Talay
    • 1
  • Coşkun Ceylan
    • 2
  • Sultan Gündüz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Landscape PlanningAnkara University Faculty of AgricultureTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural EconomicsAnkara University Faculty of AgricultureTurkey
  3. 3.Ankara University Kalecik Vocational SchoolTurkey

Personalised recommendations