Eco-Efficiency of Electric and Electronic Appliances: A Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)
- First Online:
- 875 Downloads
Several papers have studied the eco-efficiency of manufacturing systems to address strategic socioeconomic issues in the context of sustainability analysis. Their goal has been to take into account not only environmental impact aspects throughout the whole life cycle but also to incorporate the associated economic value as well, thus, giving a comprehensive vision of both factors. This paper focuses on different commonplace household electric appliances, comparing their eco-efficiency computed using a data envelopment analysis model. We consider the retail price as a measure of the product’s economic value and the ecopoint LCA score as the assessment of its environmental impact. We conclude that cell phones and the bulky analyzed appliances have the highest eco-efficiency scores, whereas the rest would require a more environmentally friendly redesign and/or an increase in their perceived value to improve their eco-efficiency.
KeywordsEco-efficiency LCA Data envelopment analysis (DEA) Electric and electronic waste Recycling
- 1.Ahbe, S., Braunschweig, A., & Müller-Wenk, R. (1990). Methodology for ecobalances based on ecological optimization, BUWAL (SAFEL) Environment Series No. 133; Bern.Google Scholar
- 4.Cooper, W. W., Seiford, L. M., & Zhu, J. (2004). Handbook on data envelopment analysis. Boston: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- 6.Dahlbo, H., Ollikainen, M., Koskela, S., & Melanen, M. (2005). The value of old news—managing discarded newspaper. Waste Management World, 75–81, May–June.Google Scholar
- 9.EEA. (2003). Waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). European Environment Agency, EEA: Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- 13.Guinée, J. B. (2002). Handbook on life cycle assessment operational guide to the ISO standards (vol. 7). Dordrecht: Kluwer, Book Series Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science.Google Scholar
- 15.Hofstetter, P. (1998). Perspectives in life cycle impact assessment: A structured approach to combine models of the technosphere, ecosphere and valuesphere. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- 17.ISO—International Standard Organization (1997a). ISO/DIS 14040 environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Principles and structure.Google Scholar
- 18.ISO—International Standard Organization (1997b). ISO/DIS 14042 environmental management–Life cycle assessment–Life cycle impact assessment.Google Scholar
- 23.OECD. (1998). Eco-efficiency. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- 25.Pré Consultants (2004). Introduction to LCA with SimaPro 6.0. September.Google Scholar
- 29.Scheel, H. (2000). EMS: Efficiency measurement system, operations research und wirtschaftsinformatik, Universität Dortmund (2000) (http://www.wiso.uni-dortmund.de/lsfg/or/scheel/ems/) (last accessed 2007-09-03).
- 30.Schmidheiny, S. (1992). Changing course: A global perspective on development and the environment. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- 31.SETAC (1993). Guidelines for life-cycle assessment. A code or practice, SETAC Workshop, Sesimbra.Google Scholar
- 33.Thanassoulis, E. (2001). Introduction to the theory and application of data envelopment analysis—A foundation text with integrated software. Norwell, MA: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- 35.Udo de Haes, H. A., Finnveden, G., Goedkoop, M., Hauschild, M., Hertwich, E., Hofstetter, P., et al. (2002). Life-cycle impact assessment: Striving towards best practice. Pensacola, FL: SETAC Publications.Google Scholar
- 36.UNCTAD (2003). A manual for the preparers and users of eco-efficiency indicators. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, available from: http://www.ellipson.com/files/studies/Eco_eff_Guideline.pdf (accessed May 30th 2007).
- 37.Verfaillie, H. A., & Bidwell, R. (2000). Measuring eco-efficiency. A guide to reporting company performance. World Business Council for Sustainable Development.Google Scholar