Empirical Software Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 203–225 | Cite as

Integrating agile software development into stage-gate managed product development

  • Daniel Karlström
  • Per Runeson


Agile methods have evolved as a bottom-up approach to software development. However, as the software in embedded products is only one part of development projects, agile methods must coexist with project management models typically of the stage-gate type. This paper presents a qualitative case study of two large independent software system projects that have used eXtreme Programming (XP) for software development within contexts of stage-gate project management models. The study is comprised of open ended interviews with managers as well as practitioners, followed by a structured, fully traceable, qualitative analysis. We conclude that it is possible to integrate XP in a gate model context. Key issues for success are the interfaces towards the agile subproject and management attitudes towards the agile approach.


Agile methods Stage-gate project management Qualitative study Extreme programming Case studies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Communication SystemsLund UniversityLundSweden

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