, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 439–460 | Cite as

Migration and regional convergence in the European Union

  • Peter Huber
  • Gabriele Tondl
Original Paper


We offer an empirical, econometric analysis of the impact of migration on the EU27’s NUTS2 regions in the period 2000–2007. We find that migration had no significant impact on regional unemployment in the EU, but affected both GDP per capita and productivity. A 1 percentage point increase in immigration to immigration regions increased GDP per capita by about 0.02 % and productivity by about 0.03 % on impact and by 0.44 % for GDP per capita and 0.20 % for productivity in the long run. For emigration regions an increase in the emigration rate leads to similar reductions of GDP per capita and productivity both on impact and in the long run. Since immigration regions are often regions with above average GDP, while emigration regions in Europe practically all have below average GDP, migration does not seem to promote convergence.


Migration Convergence Unemployment 

JEL Classification

O15 O18 R23 R11 



Research for this paper has been undertaken as part of the project “The Impact of the Single Market” commissioned by the European Commission, DG Regio. We thank the participants of the WIFO Workshop Regional Development, Integration and Mobility in the European Union in Vienna, the EU Real/CRENOS Workshop on Economic Development in Peripheral Regions in Alghero and of the ERSA conference in Barcelona as well as two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. All mistakes remain in the responsibility of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Austrian Institute for Economic Research (WIFO)ViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute for International EconomicsUniversity of Economics and Business Administration, ViennaViennaAustria

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