Climate-environment-water: integrated and non-integrated approaches to reservoir operation
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Integrated water planning and management face multiple challenges, among which are the competing interests of several water-using sectors and changing climatic trends. This paper presents integrated and non-integrated climate-environment-water approaches for reservoir operation, illustrated with Karkhe reservoir, Iran. Reservoir operation objectives are meeting municipal, environmental, and agricultural water demands. Results show the integrated approach, which relies on multi-objective optimization of municipal, environmental, and agricultural water supply, improves the municipal, environmental, and agricultural objectives by 70, 32, and 65% compared with the objectives’ values achieved with the non-integrated approach, which implements a standard operating policy.
KeywordsClimate-environment-water Integrated approaches Non-integrated approaches Reservoir operation
This research received financial support from the National Elites Foundation and Iran’s National Science Foundation (INSF).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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