An overview of management and monitoring of harmful algal blooms in the northern part of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea (Hormuzgan Province)

  • Fatemeh Mirza EsmaeiliEmail author
  • Mohammad Seddiq Mortazavi
  • Ali Reza Dehghan Banadaki


Algal bloom as a common phenomenon in the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman had catastrophic effects on environmental, social, economic, and human health aspects from 2008 to 2009. Since 2008, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman Ecological Research Institute (PGSOERI) has monitored and managed algal blooms in the Hormuzgan coast along the northern Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman. Management strategies have included regular monitoring of chlorophyll, water quality, and remote sensing. In this regard, relevant departments and the Regional Organization for Protection of Marine Environment (ROPME) collaborated with each other to prevent and forecast algal blooms. We reviewed historical and current monitoring, mitigation, and management systems of algal blooms in the Hormuzgan coast. In addition, complications and challenges of algal bloom monitoring and management were also discussed. Documenting algal bloom monitoring and research, improving forecasting and modeling of blooms, educating the public and fishermen, developing a cooperative monitoring framework, and controlling pollution input entering the ROPME region are the main challenges of algal bloom management in the Hormuzgan coast.


Cochlodinium polykrikoides Margalefidinium polykrikoides Persian Gulf Harmful algal blooms ROPME 



We would like to express our appreciation to the PGSOERI staff, without whom the current Hormuzgan red tide monitoring program would have not been possible. We also thank Dr. Aein Jamshidin of the IFRO for his valuable comments and suggestions. In addition, we are grateful to Dr. Meibodi for his efforts in editing this article.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecological Research Institute, Iranian fisheries science Research Center, Agricultural Education and Extension Research OrganizationBandar AbbasIran
  3. 3.Faculty of civil engineeringScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityBandar AbbasIran

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