It is more than 4 years since the 2030 agenda for sustainable development was adopted by the United Nations and its member states in September 2015. Several efforts are being made by member countries to contribute towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The progress which had been made over time in achieving SDGs can be monitored by measuring a set of quantifiable indicators for each of the goals. It has been seen that geospatial information plays a significant role in measuring some of the targets, hence it is relevant in the implementation of SDGs and monitoring of their progress. Synoptic view and repetitive coverage of the Earth’s features and phenomenon by different satellites is a powerful and propitious technological advancement. The paper reviews robustness of Earth Observation data for continuous planning, monitoring, and evaluation of SDGs. The scientific world has made commendable progress by providing geospatial data at various spatial, spectral, radiometric, and temporal resolutions enabling usage of the data for various applications. This paper also reviews the application of big data from earth observation and citizen science data to implement SDGs with a multi-disciplinary approach. It covers literature from various academic landscapes utilizing geospatial data for mapping, monitoring, and evaluating the earth’s features and phenomena as it establishes the basis of its utilization for the achievement of the SDGs.
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This work is supported by the Office for Developing Future Research Leaders (L-Station), Hokkaido University and Faculty of Environmental Earth Science. The authors would like to thank Ashwani Aggarwal, Huynh Vuong Thu Minh, and students of UNU for their support. The authors extend sincere gratitude to the editor and anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and valuable suggestions.
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Avtar, R., Aggarwal, R., Kharrazi, A. et al. Utilizing geospatial information to implement SDGs and monitor their Progress. Environ Monit Assess 192, 35 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7996-9
- Sustainable development goals
- Geospatial data and techniques
- Geographic information system
- Remote sensing
- And indicators