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Groundwater recharge estimation using HYDRUS 1D model in Alaşehir sub-basin of Gediz Basin in Turkey

  • Serhat Tonkul
  • Alper BabaEmail author
  • Celalettin Şimşek
  • Seda Durukan
  • Ali Can Demirkesen
  • Gökmen Tayfur
Article
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Abstract

Gediz Basin, located in the western part of Turkey constituting 2% land of the country, has an important groundwater potential in the area. Alasehir sub-basin, located in the southeast of the Gediz Basin and subject to the extensive withdrawal for the irrigation, constitutes the study area. Natural recharge to the sub-basin due to precipitation is numerically investigated in this study. For this purpose, 25 research wells, whose depths range from 20 to 50 m, were drilled to observe the recharge and collect the necessary field data for the numerical model. Meteorological data were collected from 3 weather stations installed in the study area. The numerical model HYDRUS was calibrated using the field water content data. Soil characterization was done on the core samples; the aquifer characterization was performed, and the alluvial aquifer recharge due to precipitation was calculated. As a result, the computed recharge value ranges from 21.78 to 68.52 mm, with an average value of 43.09 mm. According to the numerical model, this amount of recharge corresponds to 10% of the amount of annual rainfall.

Keywords

Aquifer recharge Alaşehir sub-basin Gediz Basin Precipitation Model calibration and validation Numerical modeling 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) with the project number of 115Y065.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serhat Tonkul
    • 1
  • Alper Baba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Celalettin Şimşek
    • 2
  • Seda Durukan
    • 3
  • Ali Can Demirkesen
    • 4
  • Gökmen Tayfur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineeringİzmir Institute of TechnologyİzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Torbalı Vocational High SchoolDokuz Eylül UniversityİzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Manisa Vocational School of Technical SciencesManisa Celal Bayar UniversityManisaTurkey
  4. 4.Department of City and Regional Planningİzmir Institute of TechnologyİzmirTurkey

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