An important role of decomposing wood for soil environment with a reference to communities of springtails (Collembola)
Present study focused on how the presence of decaying wood affects soil environment including its biota. The study was carried out in the montane spruce forest, disturbed by wind and bark beetles in Trojmezná Mt. of the Bohemian Forest in the Czech Republic. According to the results, presence of decomposing wood influenced soil environment in terms of its chemical properties by increasing soil pH and total carbon content significantly in soil below the trunks compared with soil from further distance. Decomposing wood did not affect total density and species richness of Collembola, but it had a significant influence on species composition and some species were more abundant in soil right below the trunks whereas others preferred soil environment further from them. Finally, significant relations, both positive and negative, were recorded between some Collembola species and ammonium. Thus, this substance might play a role of a volatile attractant in soil environment.
KeywordsDecomposing wood Decay Saprotrophic fungi Ammonium content Community data Collembola
We would like to thank Daniel Vaněk for his technical support.
This study was supported by the Czech Science Foundation (projects P 504-17-15229S and 13-23647P).
- Boddy, L., & Jones, T. H. (2008). Interactions between Basidiomycota and invertebrates. In L. Boddy, J. C. Frankland, & P. van West (Eds.), Ecology of saprotrophic Basidiomycetes (pp. 153–177). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Bretfeld, G. (1999). Symphypleona. In W. Dunger (Ed.), Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola (Vol. 2). Görlitz: Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums.Google Scholar
- Chen, B., Snider, R. J., & Snider, R. M. (1995). Food preference and effects of food type on the life history of some soil Collembola. Pedobiologia, 39, 496–505.Google Scholar
- Dunger, W., & Schlitt, B. (2011). Tullbergiidae. In W. Dunger (Ed.), Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola (Vol. 6/1). Görlitz: Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums.Google Scholar
- Fiera, C. (2014a). Application of stable isotopes and lipid analysis to understand trophic interactions in springtails. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 10, 227–235.Google Scholar
- Fiera, C. (2014b). Detection of food in the gut content of Heteromurus nitidus (Hexapoda: Collembola) by DNA/PCR-based molecular analysis. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 10, 67–73.Google Scholar
- Fjellberg A. (1998). The Collembola of Fennoscandia and Denmark, Part I: Poduromorpha. In: Kristensen N.P., Michelsen V. (Eds), Fauna entomologica Scandinavica, vol. 35, Brill.Google Scholar
- Harmon, M. E., Franklin, J. F., Swanson, F. J., Sollins, P., Gregory, S. V., Lattin, J. D., Anderson, N. H., Cline, S. P., Aumen, N. G., Sedell, J. R., Lienkaemper, G. W., Cromack, K., Jr., & Cummins, K. W. (1986). Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Advances in Ecological Research, 15, 133–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hopkin, S. P. (1997). Biology of the springtails. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kaňa, J., Tahovská, K., Kopáček, J., & Šantrůčková, H. (2015). Excess of organic carbon in mountain spruce forest soils after bark beetle outbreak altered microbial N transformations and mitigated N-saturation. PLoS One, 10(7), e0134165. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Marshall, V. G., Setälä, H., & Trofymow, J. A. (1998). Collembolan succession and stump decomposition in Douglas-fir. In J. A. Trofymow & A. MacKinnon (Eds.), Proceedings of a workshop on Structure, Process, and Diversity in Successional Forests of Coastal British Columbia, February 17-19, 1998 (Vol. 72, pp. 84–85). Victoria, British Columbia: Northwest Science.Google Scholar
- Martínez, Á. T., Speranza, M., Ruiz-Dueñas, F. J., Ferreira, P., Camarero, S., Guillén, F., Martínez, M. J., Gutiérrez, A., & del Río, J. C. (2005). Biodegradation of lignocellulosics: microbial, chemical, and enzymatic aspects of the fungal attack of lignin. International Microbiology, 8, 195–204.Google Scholar
- Pomorski, R. J. (1998). Onychiurinae of Poland (Collembola: Onychiuridae). Wrocław: BS.Google Scholar
- Potapov, M. B. (2001). Isotomidae. In W. Dunger (Ed.), Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola (Vol. 3). Görlitz: Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums.Google Scholar
- Setälä, H., & Marshall, V. G. (1994). Stumps as a habitat for Collembola during succession from clear-cuts to oldgrowth Douglas-fir forests. Pedobiologia, 38, 307–326.Google Scholar
- Svoboda, M. (2003b). Tree layer disintegration and its impact on understory vegetation and humus forms state in the Šumava National Park. Silva Gabreta, 9, 201–216.Google Scholar
- ter Braak, C. J. F., & Šmilauer, P. (2012). Canoco reference manual and user’s guide: software for ordination, version 5.0. Ithaca: Microcomputer Power.Google Scholar
- Thibaud, J.-M., Schulz, H.-J., & da Gama Assalino, M. M. (2004). Hypogastruridae. In W. Dunger (Ed.), Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola (Vol. 4). Görlitz: Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums.Google Scholar
- Thomas, G. W. (1982). Exchangeable cations. In A. L. Page et al. (Eds.), Methods of soil analysis, Part 2 (2nd ed.). Madison, Wisconsin: ASA and SSSA.Google Scholar
- TIBCO Software Inc. (2017). Statistica (data analysis software system), version 13. http://statistica.io.
- Wicklow, D. T., & Söderstrom, B. E. (Eds.). (1997). The Mycota IV, Environmental and microbial relationships. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar