Analysis of quality and quantity of health-care wastes in clinical laboratories: a case study of Ilam city
- 139 Downloads
Generation of health-care wastes is one of the major concerns in health-care institutions worldwide due to direct and indirect impact on human health and environment. The purpose of the present work was to estimate the quantity and quality of clinical laboratory wastes in the city of Ilam, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, randomly eight clinical laboratories including five in private sector and three governmental clinical laboratories were selected for sampling according to the purpose of the study. The results showed that the total amount of waste generation was 27,700.90 kg/year. The average amount of health-care wastes generation in Ilam city was 0.2 kg/person/year. The portions of general, pathologic, sharp, infectious, and pharmaceutical and chemical wastes were 37, 5, 2, and 56% (by weight), respectively. As a considerable amount of waste is generated in clinical laboratories of Ilam city, therefore, it is necessary to implement integrated plans for the proper management of these wastes. Thus, sufficient training and education programs must be developed for all clinical staffs and that the existing training and education procedures should also be promoted.
KeywordsHealth-care wastes Clinical laboratories Ilam city
The authors would thank Professor Mehdi Zarrei in Sickkids—Hospital in Toronto, Canada, and Mansoureh Farhang in Gonabad University of Medical Sciences for valuable comments and suggestions, allowing us to improve this paper.
This study was financially supported by Ilam University of Medical Sciences.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- Abasloo, M. (2005). Survey of medical waste management in hospitals of Khoy city, Iran, The second national conference on waste management. Tehran, Tehran University.Google Scholar
- Alavi, N., Mohammadi, M., Vosoughi Niri, M., Salimi, J., Ahmadi Angaly, K., Ghaffari Zadeh, F., et al. (2014). Survey of quantity and quality of medical waste during 2009–2011 in Razi Hospital of Torbat-e-Hydareih, Iran. Journal of Health Chimes| Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, 1(4), 32–40.Google Scholar
- Hauri, A. M., Armstrong, G. L., & Hutin, Y. J. (2003). Contaminated injections in health care settings. In Comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Mazloomi, S. (2015). Analyzing costs of collection and transportation of municipal solid waste using WAGs and arc GIS: A case study in Tabriz, Iran. Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research, 3(4).Google Scholar
- Mohammad Mosaferi, R. N. (2013). Investigation of the status of infectious and biological wastes management in medical laboratories of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran 16th National Conference on Environmental Health Engineering.Google Scholar
- Mohseni Moghadam, F., Tashakori, M., Shahidi Zandi, B., Hadavi, M., Akbarpoor, V., Kazemi, F., et al. (2016). Medical waste management in clinical and educational laboratories affiliated to Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2015. Journal of occupational health and epidmiology, 5(3), 176–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shams, M., Nabipour, I., Dobaradaran, S., Ramavandi, B., Qasemi, M., & Afsharnia, M. (2013). An environmental friendly and cheap adsorbent (municipal solid waste compost ash) with high efficiency in removal of phosphorus from aqueous solution. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 22, 723–727.Google Scholar
- Sharma, S. K., & Gupta, S. (2017). Healthcare waste management scenario: a case of Himachal Pradesh (India). Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 5(4), 169-172.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2005). Management of solid health-care waste at primary health-care centres. Geneva: World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/manhcwm.pdf.