Effect of snowmelt infiltration on groundwater recharge in a seasonal soil frost area: a case study in Northeast China
- 12 Downloads
The effect of spring snowmelt infiltration in a seasonal soil frost area on groundwater recharge was evaluated by systematically monitoring meteorological factors, soil temperature and humidity, groundwater table and temperature, electrical conductivity, and the value of δ18O in a small field site over a 2-year period. The variation of soil temperature and humidity, groundwater table during the freezing period, and the snowmelt period respectively, as well as their correspondence to the relevant environmental factors, and the influencing factors of the permeability of frozen layer were analyzed. The results showed that the evaluation of precipitation infiltration in seasonal soil frost areas should be divided into three stages: a non-freezing period, a freezing period, and a snowmelt period. Snow is the main form of precipitation during the freezing period, and groundwater cannot be recharged. During the snowmelt period of spring, the snow cover that accumulated during the freezing period infiltrates together with rainfall and has a significant effect on groundwater recharge. The general precipitation infiltration process occurs after the frozen soil thaws completely. These research results can improve the accuracy of groundwater recharge calculations for snowmelt infiltration in the seasonal soil frost area of Northeast China and provide a scientific basis for the evaluation and management of regional water resources.
KeywordsSnowmelt infiltration Seasonal soil frost area Groundwater resources evaluation Frozen layer permeability
This work was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41472213, 41602077, 41702252) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (149194).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- Appels, W. M., Coles, A. E., & Mcdonnell, J. J. (2018). Infiltration into frozen soil: from core‐scale dynamics to hillslope‐scale connectivity. Hydrological Processes, 32(1).
- Barbecot, F., Guillon, S., Pili, E., et al. (2018). Using water stable isotopes in the unsaturated zone to quantify recharge in two contrasted infiltration regimes. Vadose Zone Journal, 17(1).Google Scholar
- Fan, G. S., Zheng, X. Q., & Pan, G. Z. (1999). Experimental study on the influence of the buried depth of groundwater level on the infiltration characteristics of freeze-thaw soils. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 03, 21–26 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Frauenfeld, O. W., Zhang, T., Barry, R. G., & Gilichinsky, D. (2004). Interdecadal changes in seasonal freeze and thaw depths in Russia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 109.Google Scholar
- Gao, Y., Hu, C. Y., Dong, Z., et al. (2000). A study on water movement trend during soil freezing. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 04, 126–128 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Jing, J. H., Han, S. P., Wang, X. Z., & Bai, M. (2007). The mechanism of water movement in the freezing-thawing process. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 07, 50–54 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Lebeau, M., & Konrad, J. M. (2012). An extension of the capillary and thin film flow model for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of air-free frozen porous media. Water Resources Research, 48.Google Scholar
- Li TX, Fu Q, Liu D (2009) Study on infiltration characteristic experiment of winter in cold areas. Research on water science and international rivers in cold region series 2. Study on water circulation and ice engineering in cold region — proceedings of “5th Conference on Water in Cold Region” (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Lin, L. (2008). Study on changes of rainfall infiltration recharge under conditions of variable environment in Songnen basin. Jilin university.Google Scholar
- Pan, X., Helgason, W., Ireson, A., et al. (2017). Field-scale water balance closure in seasonally frozen conditions. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences Discussions, 21(11), 1–37.Google Scholar
- Sutinen, R., Äikää, O., Piekkari, M., & Hänninen, P. (2009). Snowmelt infiltration through partially frozen soil in Finnish Lapland. Geophysica, 45, 27–39.Google Scholar
- Zhang, H., Zhang, J. M., Zhang, Z. L., & Chai, M. T. (2016). Measurement of hydraulic conductivity of Qinghai-Tibet plateau silty clay under subfreezing temperatures. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 38(06), 1030–1035 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Zheng, X. Q., & Fan, G. S. (2000). Influence of moisture content on infiltration characteristics in seasonal frozen and thawed soil. Transactions of The Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 06, 52–55 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Zhou, Y. W., Guo, D. X., et al. (2000). Geocryology in China. Beijing: Science Press (in Chinese).Google Scholar