Advertisement

Management effectiveness and conservation prioritizing the protected areas using RAPPAM methodology (case study: Khuzestan province)

  • Fakhrieh Mohseni
  • Gholamreza SabzghabaeiEmail author
  • Soolmaz Dashti
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

In the world today, where the industrialization of countries is still on the increase, protecting habitats and wildlife will be possible only in protected areas. That is why maintaining species’ diversity and preventing the destruction of habitats in protected areas has been of great interest. Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management methodology is one of the most common methods of management effectiveness assessment and is used as a tool for managers and decision-makers of protected areas. Recently, the biodiversity and sustainability of wildlife populations, as well as preserving the integrity of protected areas in the Khuzestan province, have been at risk due to several factors; therefore, the evaluation of management effectiveness in these areas is necessary. The studied areas in this research are protected areas in Khuzestan province, with a history of more than 5 years of management. The results of this study show that Dez, a protected area with the highest points in the planning (38.5), has the highest score in management effectiveness (128.78). Also, Shimbar, a protected area with the lowest score (11), has the lowest score of management effectiveness (64.66) among the other areas. The overall management level of the protected areas in the Khuzestan province is at the low-intermediate managerial level compared to the global average. Therefore, it is necessary to change the policies and management of these areas.

Keywords

PA management Effectiveness Iran RAPPAM Conservation Monitoring 

Notes

References

  1. Addison, P. F., Flander, L. B., & Cook, C. N. (2015). Are we missing the boat? Current uses of long-term biological monitoring data in the evaluation and management of marine protected areas. Environmental Management, 149(1), 148–156.Google Scholar
  2. Albodvirej, H. (1994a). Information Dez protected area. Department of Environment, Islamic Republic of Iran, khuzestan Provincial Office.Google Scholar
  3. Albodvirej, H. (1994b). Information Karkhe protected area. Department of Environment, Islamic Republic of Iran, khuzestan Province Office.Google Scholar
  4. Araújo, J. L., & Bernard, E. (2016). Management effectiveness of a large marine protected area in Northeastern Brazil. Ocean and Coastal Management, 130, 43–49.Google Scholar
  5. Arha, K., & Emmerich, J. (2011). Grizzly bear conservation in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem: a case study in the endangered species act and federalism. The endangered species act and federalism: effective conservation through greater state commitment, 251.Google Scholar
  6. Batsukh, N., & Belokurov, A. (2005). Mongolia: management effectiveness assessment of the Mongolian protected areas, system using WWF’s RAPPAM methodology. Mongolia: WWF.Google Scholar
  7. Booklet annual report on protected areas in Khuzestan province. (2015). Department of Environment Islamic Republic of Iran, Khuzestan provincial office.Google Scholar
  8. Brun, C., Cook, A. R., Lee, J. S. H., Wich, S. A., Koh, L. P., & Carrasco, L. R. (2015). Analysis of deforestation and protected area effectiveness in Indonesia: a comparison of Bayesian spatial models. Global Environmental Change, 31, 285–295.Google Scholar
  9. Bruner, A. G., Gullison, R. E., Rice, R. E., & Da Fonseca, G. A. (2001). Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science, 291(5501), 125–128.Google Scholar
  10. Butchart, S. H., Walpole, M., Collen, B., Van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J. P., Almond, R. E., et al. (2010). Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science, 328(5982), 1164–1168.Google Scholar
  11. Carranza, T., Manica, A., Kapos, V., & Balmford, A. (2014). Mismatches between conservation outcomes and management evaluation in protected areas: a case study in the Brazilian Cerrado. Biological Conservation, 173, 10–16.Google Scholar
  12. Coad, L., Leverington, F., Knights, K., Geldmann, J., Eassom, A., Kapos, V., Kingston, N., de Lima, M., Zamora, C., Cuardros, I., Nolte, C., Burgess, N. D., & Hockings, M. (2015). Measuring impact of protected area management interventions: current and future use of the Global Database of Protected Area Management Effectiveness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 370(1681), 20140281.Google Scholar
  13. Connolly, J. D., & Cree, A. (2008). Risks of a late start to captive management for conservation: phenotypic differences between wild and captive individuals of a viviparous endangered skink (Oligosoma otagense). Biological Conservation, 141(5), 1283–1292.Google Scholar
  14. Craigie, I. D., Baillie, J. E., Balmford, A., Carbone, C., Collen, B., Green, R. E., et al. (2010). Large mammal population declines in Africa’s protected areas. Biological Conservation, 143(9), 2221–2228.Google Scholar
  15. Ervin, J. (2003). Rapid assessment of protected area management effectiveness in four countries. BioScience, 53(9), 833–841.Google Scholar
  16. Geldmann, J., Barnes, M., Coad, L., Craigie, I. D., Hockings, M., & Burgess, N. D. (2013). Effectiveness of terrestrial protected areas in reducing habitat loss and population declines. Biological Conservation, 161, 230–238.Google Scholar
  17. Geldmann, J., Joppa, L. N., & Burgess, N. D. (2014). Mapping change in human pressure globally on land and within protected areas. Conservation Biology, 28(6), 1604–1616.Google Scholar
  18. Gitashenasi. (2007). Road atlas of Iran, Gitashenasi Geographic and Cartographic Institute (1st ed.). Tehran. 304 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Goodman, P. S. (2003). Assessing management effectiveness and setting priorities in protected areas in KwaZulu-Natal. BioScience, 53(9), 843–850.Google Scholar
  20. Hockings, M., Stoiton, S., & Du1ey, N. (2000). Evaluating effectiveness: a framework for assessing management or protected areas. Best practice protected area Guidelines series no.6, IUCN. Gland. Switzerland Nl association with Cardif University. UK.Google Scholar
  21. Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Leverington, F., Dudley, N., & Courrau, J. (2006). Evaluating effectiveness: a framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas (2nd ed.). Gland and Cambridge: IUCN xiv + 105 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Hockings, M., Sue, S., Fiona, L., Nigel, D., José, C., Peter, V. (2010). Evaluating effectiveness: a framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas 2nd edition. IUCN. Rue Mauverney 28 .1196 Gland, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  23. Jiménez, A., Díaz, M. J., Monroe, M. C., & Benayas, J. (2015). Analysis of the variety of education and outreach interventions in biodiversity conservation projects in Spain. Journal for Nature Conservation, 23, 61–72.Google Scholar
  24. Juffe-Bignoli, D., Burgess, N. D., Bingham, H., Belle, E. M. S., de Lima, M. G., Deguignet, M., et al. (2014). Protected planet report 2014. Cambridge: UNEP-WCMC.Google Scholar
  25. Kerjcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Journal of Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607–610.Google Scholar
  26. Kurdoğlu, O., & Çokçaliskan, B. A. (2011). Assessing the effectiveness of protected area management in the Turkish Caucasus. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(75), 17208–17222.Google Scholar
  27. Lacerda, L., Schmitt, K., Cutter, P., & Meas, S. (2004). Management effectiveness assessment of the system of protected areas in Cambodia using WWF’s RAPPAM methodology. Phnom Penh: Ministry of Environment, Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management Project.Google Scholar
  28. Laurance, W. F., Useche, D. C., Rendeiro, J., Kalka, M., Bradshaw, C. J., Sloan, S. P., et al. (2012). Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas. Nature, 489(7415), 290–294.Google Scholar
  29. Leverington, F. (2009). The global protected area management effectiveness database. Internal database of October 2009. Gat ton. Australia: University of Queensland.Google Scholar
  30. Leverington, F., Costa, K. L., Pavese, H., Lisle, A., & Hockings, M. (2010). A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness. Environmental Management, 46(5), 685–698.Google Scholar
  31. Li, D., Zhou, J., Dong, K., Wu, B., & Zhu, C. (2003). China: management effectiveness assessment of protected areas in the Upper Yangtze ecoregion using WWF’s RAPPAM methodology. Gland: WWF.Google Scholar
  32. Lockwood, M., Worboys, G., & Kothari, A. (Eds.). (2012). Managing protected areas: a global guide. Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Lu, D. J., Kao, C. W., & Chao, C. L. (2012). Evaluating the management effectiveness of five protected areas in Taiwan using WWF’s RAPPAM. Environmental Management, 50(2), 272–282.Google Scholar
  34. Mehdi, K., Sakai, T., Moriya, K., Makhdoum, M. F., Koyama, L. (2013). Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protected Areas Management in Iran: Case Study in Khojir National Park. Environmental Management, 52(2), 514–530.Google Scholar
  35. Mendonça, C. D. V. (2010). A comparison of the management models of protected areas between China and the southern Africa region. Forestry Studies in China, 12(3), 151–157.Google Scholar
  36. Mirkarimi, H. (2007). Landscape ecological planning for protected areas using spatial and temporal metrics.Google Scholar
  37. Nabavi, S. M. B., Behrouzi Rad, B., & Padash, A. (2010). Atlas of birds and mammals distribution in Khuzestan provincial (1st ed.). Department of Environment, Islamic Republic of Iran, Khuzestan provincial office 460 pages.Google Scholar
  38. Portman, M. E., & Nathan, D. (2015). Conservation “identity” and marine protected areas management: a Mediterranean case study. Journal for Nature Conservation, 24, 109–116.Google Scholar
  39. Satumanatpan, S., Senawongse, P., Thansuporn, W., & Kirkman, H. (2014). Enhancing management effectiveness of environmental protected areas, Thailand. Ocean and Coastal Management, 89, 1–10.Google Scholar
  40. Scharlemann, J. P., Kapos, V., Campbell, A., Lysenko, I., Burgess, N. D., Hansen, M. C., et al. (2010). Securing tropical forest carbon: the contribution of protected areas to REDD. Oryx, 44(03), 352–357.Google Scholar
  41. Simões, L. L., Oliveira, L. R., Mattoso, A., Pisciotta, K., Silva Noffs, M. D., Raimundo, S., et al. (2010). Implementation of the rapid assessment and prioritization of protected area management by the Forestry Institute and the Forestry Foundation of São Paulo. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.Google Scholar
  42. Stanciu, E., & Steindlegger, G. (2006). RAPPAM (rapid assessment and prioritization of protected area management) methodology implementation in Romania: key findings and results. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.Google Scholar
  43. Tali, B. A., Ganie, A. H., Nawchoo, I. A., Wani, A. A., & Reshi, Z. A. (2015). Assessment of threat status of selected endemic medicinal plants using IUCN regional guidelines: a case study from Kashmir Himalaya. Journal for Nature Conservation, 23, 80–89.Google Scholar
  44. Tittensor, D. P., Walpole, M., Hill, S. L., Boyce, D. G., Britten, G. L., Burgess, N. D., et al. (2014). A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets. Science, 346(6206), 241–244.Google Scholar
  45. Tshering, K. (2003). Bhutan management effectiveness assessment of four protected areas using WWF’s RAPPAM methodology. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.Google Scholar
  46. Tyrlyshkin, V., Belokurov, A., & Blagovidov, A. (2003). Russia: management effectiveness assessment of protected areas using WWF’s RAPPAM methodology. Gland (Switzerland): WWF.Google Scholar
  47. Watson, J. E., Dudley, N., Segan, D. B., & Hockings, M. (2014). The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature, 515(7525), 67–73.Google Scholar
  48. WWF. (2003). Rapid assessment prioritization of protected area management (RAPPAM) methodology. Gland, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  49. Zehzad, B., Kiabi, B. H., & Madjnoonian, H. (2002). The natural areas and landscape of Iran: an overview. Zoology in the Middle East, 26(1), 7–10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fakhrieh Mohseni
    • 1
  • Gholamreza Sabzghabaei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Soolmaz Dashti
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environment, College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentBehbahan Khatam Alanbia University Of TechnologyBehbahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Environment, Ahvaz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAhvazIran

Personalised recommendations