Study on the variation of arable land use and management countermeasures under rapid urbanization: the application of a gravity model in a regional perspective

  • Lei Song
  • Yingui CaoEmail author
  • Wei Zhou
  • Xinyu Kuang
  • Gubai Luo


Scientifically determining the characteristics of arable land use in different regions is significant in promoting arable land protection. Most studies on the changes in arable land focus on an isolated analysis of the impact of urban development on arable land. Studies on the influence mechanism of regional spatial forces in different cities from the macro perspective are limited. A gravity model and ArcGIS spatial analysis methods were used to analyze the characteristics and driving mechanisms of arable land changes in different urban function orientations from the perspective of interregional economic interaction. We hope to provide guidance for the establishment of arable land protection in a similar city circle. The results indicated the following: (1) During the study period, the geographic range of arable land with strong dynamic changes (average annual change exceeding 1.5%) gradually widened from the core area to the surrounding area, while the annual change rate decreased. (2) There is a strong correlation between the change in arable land use and the scope of gravitational action. The dynamic changes in arable land in areas with strong gravitational relationships with the core area are strong, while in the weak gravitational areas that are less affected by the core area, the average annual rate of change is nearly below 1%. (3) In the 10-year study period, the overall changing trend of the radiation circle in the core area expanded. The gravitational value where the breaking point falls within its own administrative division is more related to the change of its arable land area, and the greater the gravitational attraction is, the more likely the correlation. In a city circle, it is essential to both protect arable land resources and promote coordinated economic development. Future research on arable land utilization in different city circles should consider overall area development. Different functional areas can be determined by calculating the gravitational value, then regional development potential and key development types can be determined, and arable land protection measures can be optimized based on these functional areas.


Arable land use Gravity model City circle Urban function Arable land preservation 


Funding information

The study was supported by the Humanities and Social Sciences Fund in the Ministry of Education of P. R. China (15YJC630005).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Song
    • 1
  • Yingui Cao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wei Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xinyu Kuang
    • 1
  • Gubai Luo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Land Science and TechnologyChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Lab of Land ConsolidationMinistry of Land and Resources of the People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingChina

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