Advertisement

Statistical analysis of estimated and observed soil moisture in sub-humid climate in north-western Jordan

  • Ali Almagbile
  • Mohammad ZeitounEmail author
  • Khaled Hazaymeh
  • Hasan Abu Sammour
  • Noah Sababha
Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, soil water balance model was implemented to estimation moisture in two sub-humid areas located in north-western part of Jordan namely Irbid and Ras Muneef. In addition, in situ observations of soil moisture were collected from 16 randomly distributed sampling locations and used for monitoring the spatiotemporal variability of soil moisture in the study area. Sampling was performed during the growing season in the study area with a total of seven sampling occasions from 11 March to 12 April 2017. The results showed that the estimated soil moisture in Ras Muneef was slightly higher than Irbid. This might be referred to variations of, for instance, Ras Muneef receiving higher precipitation and lower temperature values comparing to Irbid. Also, we noticed that the spatiotemporal variability of the observed soil moisture is directly linked with the precipitation in our study area. The coefficients of the spatial and temporal variabilities were in the range 3 to 40% and 8 to 15%, respectively. Due to the high Spearman’s rank correlation values which range from 0.42 to 0.73, soil moisture is temporarily stable. Strong and positive relationship was found between the estimated and observed soil moisture with determination coefficients (r2) and root mean square error (RMSE) around 0.7 and 0.41, respectively, whereas negative relationship between evapotranspiration and observed soil moisture was shown with R3and RMSE are 0.34 and 0.24 respectively. This indicates that actual soil moisture can be predicted from soil water balance model.

Keywords

Temporal stability Spatial variability Water balance Evapotranspiration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Miss. F. Hantoly from the Department of Environmental and Earth Sciences at Yarmouk University for performing the laboratory work and the Department of Meteorology of Jordan for providing the climate records.

References

  1. Alley, W. M. (1984). On the treatment of evapotranspiration, soil moisture accounting, and aquifer recharge in monthly water balance models. Water Resources Research, 208, 1137–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bogena, H. R., Huisman, J. A., Oberdörster, C., & Vereecken, H. (2007). Evaluation of a low-cost soil water content sensor for wireless network applications. Journal of Hydrology, 344, 32–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bosch, D. D., Lakshmi, V., Jackson, T. J., Choi, M., & Jacobs, J. M. (2006). Large scale measurements of soil moisture for validation of remotely sensed data: Georgia soil moisture experiment of 2003. Journal of Hydrology, 323, 120–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brocca, L., Morbidelli, R., Melone, F., & Moramarco, T. (2007). Soil moisture spatial variability in experimental areas of Central Italy. Journal of Hydrology, 333, 356–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brocca, L., Melone, F., Moramarco, T., & Morbidelli, R. (2009a). Soil moisture temporal stability over experimental areas in Central Italy. Geoderma, 148, 364–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brocca, L., Melone, F., Moramarco, T., & Morbidelli, R. (2009b). Soil moisture temporal stability over experimental areas of central Italy. Geoderma, 148(3–4), 364–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brocca, L., Melone, F., Moramarco, T., & Morbidelli, R. (2010). Spatial-temporal variability of soil moisture and its estimation across scales. Water Resources Research, 46, W02516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Choi, M., & Jacobs, J. M. (2007). Soil moisture variability of root zone profiles within SMEX02 remote sensing footprints. Advances in Water Resources, 30, 883–896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cosh, M. H., Jackson, T. J., Bindlish, R., & Prueger, J. H. (2004). Watershed scale temporal and spatial stability of soil moisture and its role in validating satellite estimates. Remote Sensing of Environment, 92, 427–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cosh, M. H., Jackson, T. J., Moran, S., & Bindlish, R. (2008). Temporal persistence and stability of surface soil moisture in a semi-arid watershed. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 304–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dorigo, W. A., Wagner, W., Hohensinn, R., Hahn, S., Paulik, C., Drusch, M., Mecklenburg, S., van Oevelen, P., Robock, A., & Jackson, T. (2011). The International Soil Moisture Network: a data hosting facility for global in situ soil moisture measurements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, 1675–1698.  https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-1675-2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dourado, N. D., van Lier, Q. J., Metselaar, K., Reichardt, K., & Nielsen, R. D. (2010). General procedure to initialize the cyclic soil water balance by the Thornthwaite and Mather method. Scientia Agricola (Piracicaba, Braz), 67(1), 87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dripps, W. R., & Bradbury, K. R. (2007). A simple daily soil–water balance mode for estimating the spatial and temporal distribution of groundwater recharge in temperate humid areas. Hydrology Journal, 15(3), 433–444.Google Scholar
  14. Gao, L., & Shao, M. A. (2012). Temporal stability of soil water storage in diverse soil layers. Catena, 95, 24–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gee, G., & Hille, D. (1988). Groundwater recharge in arid regions: Review and critique of estimation methods. Hydrological Processes, 2(3), 255–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hollinger, S. E., & Isard, S. A. (1994). Asoil moisture climatology of Illinois. Journal of Climate, 7, 822–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hu, W., Shao, M. A., Han, F. P., Reichardt, K., & Tan, J. (2010). Watershed scale temporal stability of soil water content. Geoderma, 158, 181–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hupet, F., & Vanclooster, M. (2002). Intraseasonal dynamics of soil moisture variability within a small agricultural maize cropped field. Journal of Hydrology, 261, 86–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jacobs, J. M., Mohanty, B. P., Hsu, E. C., & Miller, D. (2004). SMEX02: field scale variability, time stability and similarity of soil moisture. Remote Sensing of Environment, 92, 436–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jia, Y. H., & Shao, M. A. (2013). Temporal stability of soil water storage under four types of revegetation on the northern Loess Plateau of China. Agricultural Water Management, 117, 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Koster, R. D., Dirmeyer, P. A., Guo, Z., Bonan, G., Chan, E., Cox, P., Gordon, C. T., Kanae, S., Kowalczyk, E., Lawrence, D., Liu, P., Lu, C. H., Malyshev, S., McAvaney, B., Mitchell, K., Mocko, D., Oki, T., Oleson, K., Pitman, A., Sud, Y. C., Taylor, C. M., Verseghy, D., Vasic, R., Xue, Y., Yamada, T., & GLACE Team. (2004). Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitation. Science, 305(5687), 1138–1140.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1100217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kumar, P. U. (1995). Estimation of groundwater recharge using soil moisture balance approach. Journal of Indian Water Resources Society, 1(2), 11–16.Google Scholar
  23. Li, X. Z., Shao, M. A., Jia, X. X., & Wei, X. R. (2015). Landscape-scale temporal stability of soil water storage within profiles on the semiarid Loess Plateau of China. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 15, 949–961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Martínez-Fernández, J., & Ceballos, A. (2003). Temporal stability of soil moisture in a large-field experiment in Spain. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 67, 1647–1656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meng, L., Long, D., Quiring, S., & Shen, Y. (2014). Statistical analysis of the relationship between spring soil moisture and summer precipitation in East China. International Journal of Climatology, 34, 1511–1523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mohanty, B. P., & Skaggs, T. H. (2001). Spatio-temporal evolution and time-stable characteristics of soil moisture within remote sensing footprints with varying soil, slope, and vegetation. Advances in Water Resources, 24, 1051–1067.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Robinson, D. A., Campbell, C. S., Hopmans, J. W., Hornbuckle, B. K., Jones, S. B., Knight, R., Ogden, F., Selker, J., & Wendroth, O. (2008). Soil moisture measurements for ecological and hydrological watershed scale observatories: a review. Vadose Zone Journal, 7, 358–389.  https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2007.0143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Robock, A., Vinnikov, K.Ya., Srinivasan, G., Entin, J.K., Hollinger, S.E., Speranskaya, N.A., Liu, S., Namkhai, A. (2000). The global soil moisture data bank. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81, 1281–1299.Google Scholar
  29. Roy, S., & Ophori, D. (2012). Assessment of water balance of the semi-arid region in southern San Joaquin Valley California using Thornthwaite and Mather’s model. Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 20, 1–9.Google Scholar
  30. Seneviratne, S. I., Corti, T., Davin, E. L., Hirschi, M., Jaeger, E. B., Lehner, I., Orlowsky, B., & Teuling, A. J. (2010). Investigating soil moisture-climate interactions in a changing climate: a review. Earth-Science Reviews, 99(3–4), 125–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Singh, R. K., & Hari Prasad, V. (2004). Remote sensing and GIS approach for assessment of the water balance of a watershed. Hydrological Sciences, 49(1), 131–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Steenhuis, T., & Van der Molen, W. H. (1986). The Thornthwaite-Mather procedure as a simple engineering method to predict recharge. Journal of Hydrology, 84, 221–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Thornthwaite, C. W., & Mather, J. R. (1955). The water balance: Centeron, N.J., Laboratory of climatology. Publications in Climatology, 8(1), 1.104.Google Scholar
  34. Thornthwaite, C. W., & Mather, J. R. (1957). Instructions and tables for computing potential evapotranspiration and the water balance. Publications in Climatology, 10, 185–311.Google Scholar
  35. Vachaud, G. A., Passerat de Silans, A., Balabanis, P., & Vauclin, M. (1985). Temporal stability of spatially measured soil water probability density function. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 49, 822–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Vanderlinden, K., Vereecken, H., Hardelauf, H., Herbst, M., Martínez, G., Cosh, M. H., & Pachepsky, Y. A. (2011). Temporal stability of soil water contents: a review of data and analyses. Vadose Zone Journal.  https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2011.0178.
  37. Western, A. W., Grayson, R. B., & Blöschl, G. (2002). Scaling of soil moisture: a hydrologic perspective. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 30, 149–180.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.30.091201.140434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang, P. P., & Shao, M. A. (2013). Temporal stability of surface soil moisture in a desert area of northwestern China. Journal of Hydrology, 505, 91–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Almagbile
    • 1
  • Mohammad Zeitoun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khaled Hazaymeh
    • 1
  • Hasan Abu Sammour
    • 2
  • Noah Sababha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyYarmouk UniversityIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of JordanAmmanJordan

Personalised recommendations