Influence of land use on trophic state indexes in northeast Brazilian river basins
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Eutrophication is a natural process within the ecological succession of aquatic ecosystems that results from nutrient inputs to water bodies, especially limiting elements such as phosphorus and nitrogen. However, the anthropogenic activities in river basin influence areas accelerate the eutrophication process of water bodies. Eutrophication is a global problem and considered one of the most relevant reasons of aquatic environments’ degradation. In this context, watercourses that make up the Eastern Water Planning and Management Region (RPGA) receive high pollutant contributions due to release of wastewater and agriculture diffuse sources from cities located in influence area. The present study aims to evaluate the land use effect in trophic state of the water bodies in Eastern RPGA basins. The Carlson Trophic State Index in 1977, adjusted by Lamparelli 2004, was used to determine the eutrophication degree of the three river basins (Almada, Cachoeira, and Una) located in the Eastern RPGA. The nutrient and chlorophyll a data were obtained from the Monitoring Program (Monitora) of Environment and Water Resources Institute of Bahia (INEMA), covering the period from 2008 to 2015, at thirteen (13) sampling sites, with quarterly collections. The results showed that, among three basins analyzed, Cachoeira River basin presented the worst values for trophic state index (TSI) due to the high level of anthropization, while best results were found in Una basin. It was verified that land use exerted a significant influence on the water quality of bodies of water evaluated.
KeywordsEutrophication Degradation Anthropogenic action Effluents
This study was financially supported by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) Finance Code 001.
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