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Assessment of As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn concentrations in soil and parts of Rosa spp. sampled in extremely polluted environment

  • Jelena V. Kalinovic
  • Snezana M. SerbulaEmail author
  • Ana A. Radojevic
  • Jelena S. Milosavljevic
  • Tanja S. Kalinovic
  • Mirjana M. Steharnik
Article
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Abstract

This research was conducted in order to determine As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn concentrations in soil and parts of wild rose (Rosa spp., predominantly Rosa canina L.) in the Bor area, known for more than 100 years of mining and pyrometallurgical production of copper, as well as to determine the possibility of its usage as an environmental indicator or for phytoremediation. The results showed that the sampled soils were highly contaminated with As and Cu, since the obtained concentrations exceeded the corresponding limit and remediation values. The soil samples from the sites which were closest to the Mining-Metallurgical Complex or in the prevailing wind directions were most enriched with the analyzed elements. According to the element analysis in the parts of Rosa spp., branches, leaves, and roots contained higher concentrations of the studied elements than the fruits. Based on the values of the biological factors, it can be concluded that Rosa spp. restricted the absorption of the elements from the soil. Since the absorption rates from soil to roots were low for all the studied elements, Rosa spp. was not suitable for the phytoextraction or phytostabilization. Statistically significant positive correlations of the elements in the soil and parts of Rosa spp. indicated their anthropogenic origin. Differences in the element concentrations in the plant parts and the soil samples from the background and the sites which were under the influence of the emissions from the Mining–Metallurgical Complex indicated that Rosa spp. had a potential for usage in biomonitoring.

Keywords

Environmental pollution Copper smelter Rosehips Rosa spp. Biomonitoring Biological factors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Our thanks go to English language teacher Mara Manzalovic fromTechnical Faculty in Bor (University of Belgrade) for providing language help.

Funding information

This study was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Projects No. 46010 and 33038).

Supplementary material

10661_2018_7134_MOESM1_ESM.doc (364 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 364 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jelena V. Kalinovic
    • 1
  • Snezana M. Serbula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana A. Radojevic
    • 1
  • Jelena S. Milosavljevic
    • 1
  • Tanja S. Kalinovic
    • 1
  • Mirjana M. Steharnik
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty in BorBorSerbia
  2. 2.Mining and Metallurgy Institute BorBorSerbia

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