Advertisement

Model of calculating a composite environmental index for assessing the impact of port processes on environment: a case study of container terminal

  • Igor Kegalj
  • Luka Traven
  • Juraj Bukša
Article

Abstract

Environmental standards are not harmonized in ports and neither are the instruments used for the assessing the condition of environmental efficiency of a port system. The purpose of the research conducted in the framework of this paper is to propose the methodology for calculating the Port Environmental Index (IE) which synthesizes all environmental aspects of port operations into a single value. The goals of the paper were the following: (1) to integrate the relevant environmental aspects of port activities and evaluate the impact of port terminal processes on the environment by calculating the IE and (2) to validate the index by applying it to a container terminal in the north-western part of Croatia. IE was constructed using the compound index method where compilation and aggregation of individual indicators were used to form a compound index of the overall effect of port processes on the environment. The validation of IE by applying it to a container terminal (Port of Rijeka, north-western part of Croatia) showed that the IE can be easily applied and its application allows monitoring the overall changes in environmental performance of port areas. In addition, IE can be used to test different pollution abatement strategies including testing interventions in the port processes and determining their share in the overall impact on the environment. In addition, the potential constraints to using such an approach are discussed in the paper.

Keywords

Compound indicators Container terminal Port operations Environmental impact Emissions Waste 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work presented in this paper has been partially funded by the H2020 PIXEL project (769355).

References

  1. Cognetti, G. (1996). Environmental control and port management: funding, technology and professional training. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 32(5), 384–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dewan, H. (2006). Sustainability index: an economics perspective. 40th Annual Meeting of the CEA, pp. 26–28.Google Scholar
  3. Peris-Mora, Diez Orejas, J. M., Subirats, A., Ibáñez, S., & Alvarez, P. (2005). Development of a system of indicators for sustainable port management. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 1649–1660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Goulielmos, A. M. (2000). European policy on port environmental protection. Global Nest: the International Journal, 2(2), 189–197.Google Scholar
  5. Hafeez, K., Zhang, Y., & Malak, N. (2002). Determining key capabilities of a firm using analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Production Economics, 76, 39–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. He, Y., & JI, Y. (2011). Discussion on green port construction of Tianjin Port. Energy Procedia, 11, 4059–4064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hellen, G., Ristimaeki, J. (2007). Particulate emissions of residual fuel operated diesel engines background, particulate size distributions, measurement methods and potential abatement measures, 25th CIMAC Congress, Paper no. 56, Wien.Google Scholar
  8. Jones, M. A., Stauber, J., & Apte, S. (2005). A risk assessment approach to contaminants in Port Curtis, Queensland, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51, 448–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kranjc, D., & Glavič, P. (2005). A model for integrated assessment of sustainable development. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 43, 189–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nardo M., Tarantola S., Saltelli A., Andropoulos C., Buescher R., Karageorgos G., Latvala A., Noel. (2008). Handbook on constructing composite indicators: methodology and user guide, OECD.Google Scholar
  11. Port of Rijeka Authority (2016). http://www.portauthority.hr/portfolio/odrzivi_razvoj/planovi (4/6/2017).
  12. Saaty, T. L. (1980). Multicriteria decision making: The analytic hierarchy process. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.Google Scholar
  13. Saaty, T. L. (2000). Fundamentals of the analytic hierarchy process. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Saaty, T. L., & Kearns, P. K. (1991). Analytical planning, the organization of systems, the analytic hierarchy process series. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.Google Scholar
  15. Saiz-Salinas, J. I., & Urkiaga-Alberdi, J. (1999). Use of faunal indicators for assessing the port enlargement near Biabao (SPAIN). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 56, 305–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K., & Dikshit, A. K. (2012). An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecological Indicators, 15(1), 281–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stojanovic, T. A., Hugh, D., Smith, O., & Wooldridge, C. F. (2006). The impact of the habitats directive on European port operations and management. Geo Journal-Springer, 65, 165–176.Google Scholar
  18. Trozzi, C., & Vaccaro, R. (2000). Environmental impact of port activities. In C. A. Rebbia & J. Olivella (Eds.), Maritime engineering and ports II (pp. 151–161). Southampton: WIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Vandermeulen, J. H. (1996). Environmental trends of ports and harbours: implications for planning and management. Maritime Policy & Management, 23(1), 55–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Verhoeven, P. (2010). A review of port authority functions: towards a renaissance? Maritime Policy & Management, 37(3), 247–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wooldridge, C. F., McMullen, C., & Howe, V. (1999). Environmental management of ports and harbours: implementation of policy through scientific monitoring. Marine Policy, 23(4–5), 413–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Yáñez-Arancibia, A., Zárate Lomelí, D., & Gómez, C. (1999). The ecosystem framework for planning and management the Atlantic Coast of Guatemala. Ocean and Coastal Management, 42, 283–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of RijekaRijekaCroatia
  2. 2.Medical FacultyUniversity of RijekaRijekaCroatia
  3. 3.Adriatic Croatia International Club d.dOpatijaCroatia

Personalised recommendations