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Influence of human-induced pressures on dissolved and particulate metal concentrations in a South American estuary

  • Noelia S. La Colla
  • Sandra E. Botté
  • Vanesa L. Negrin
  • Analía V. Serra
  • Jorge E. Marcovecchio
Article

Abstract

Coastal areas are urbanized and industrialized environments, affected by dredging operations, discharges of untreated municipal wastewaters, and farming. Developing countries are in continuous growth and will deal, in a close future, with the highest rate of coastal transformation, posing serious risks for the ecological and environmental value of ecosystem assets. This research aims to study the dissolved and particulate Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn values within an argentinean estuarine environment which is currently under human-induced pressures. Concentrations of all the metals under analyses showed seasonal variability of both dissolved and particulate metals. An important outcome of this study was that dissolved Cr, Pb and Zn attained maximum values and overall increased concentrations with respect to previous records from the same area. Indeed, the highest concentrations were found during the dredging operations or in association with increases in the metal levels from wastewater discharges. The results also indicated that human activities contributed the least to the dissolved Ni concentrations. The particulate fraction of Cr, Ni and Zn showed an upward trend in the concentrations, particularly during the last two sampling dates, being also positively correlated between each other. Regarding their respective environmental quality standards, many samples achieved dissolved Cr and Zn concentrations above the maximum values recommended by international guidelines. Thus, this study highlights the possibility of stressors like dredging activities and municipal wastewaters to cause increases in the water column pollution levels.

Keywords

Seawater Coastal zones Dredging Physicochemical variables Health risks 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are greatly indebted to F.E. Garcia and M.N. Chiarello for their help in sample collection and analyses. Authors are very grateful to Dr. C. Domini for her valuable collaboration in improving the preconcentration procedure. The assistance of G.S. Gutierrez in sample collection was also appreciated. N. S. La Colla has received a doctoral grant funded by the National Council of Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET-Argentina).

Funding

This study was funded through research grants by CONICET (PIP D-738 2011) and by Universidad Nacional del Sur (Secyt-UNS, PGI 24/ZB59).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Noelia S. La Colla
    • 1
  • Sandra E. Botté
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vanesa L. Negrin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Analía V. Serra
    • 1
  • Jorge E. Marcovecchio
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía (IADO – CONICET/UNS)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del SurBahía BlancaArgentina
  3. 3.Universidad de la Fraternidad de Agrupaciones Santo Tomás de AquinoMar del PlataArgentina
  4. 4.Universidad Tecnológica Nacional – FRBBBahía BlancaArgentina

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