Comparative validation of amperometric and optical analyzers of dissolved oxygen: a case study
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A comprehensive comparative validation for two different types of dissolved oxygen (DO) analyzers, amperometric and optical, is presented on two representative commercial DO analyzers. A number of performance characteristics were evaluated including drift, intermediate precision, accuracy of temperature compensation, accuracy of reading (under different measurement conditions), linearity, flow dependence of the reading, repeatability (reading stability), and matrix effects of dissolved salts. The matrix effects on readings in real samples were evaluated by analyzing the dependence of the reading on salt concentration (at saturation concentration of DO). The analyzers were also assessed in DO measurements of a number of natural waters. The uncertainty contributions of the main influencing parameters were estimated under different experimental conditions. It was found that the uncertainties of results for both analyzers are quite similar but the contributions of the uncertainty sources are different. Our results imply that the optical analyzer might not be as robust as is commonly assumed; however, it has better reading stability, lower stirring speed dependence, and typically requires less maintenance. On the other hand, the amperometric analyzer has a faster response and wider linear range. Both analyzers seem to have issues with the accuracy of temperature compensation. The approach described in this work will be useful to practitioners carrying out DO measurements for ensuring reliability of their measurements.
KeywordsElectrochemical sensors/mass sensitive sensors Optical sensors/luminescent sensors Validation Dissolved oxygen
This research was supported by the EU through the European Regional Development Fund (TK141 “Advanced materials and high-technology devices for energy recuperation systems”) and by the Ministry of Education and Science of Estonia (institutional research grant no. IUT20-14).
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