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Sediment pollution in margins of the Lake Guaíba, Southern Brazil

  • Leonardo Capeleto de Andrade
  • Tales Tiecher
  • Jessica Souza de Oliveira
  • Robson Andreazza
  • Alberto Vasconcellos Inda
  • Flávio Anastácio de Oliveira Camargo
Article

Abstract

Sediments are formed by deposition of organic and inorganic particles on depth of water bodies, being an important role in aquatic ecosystems, including destination and potential source of essential nutrients and heavy metals, which may be toxic for living organisms. The Lake Guaíba supplies water for approximately two million people and it is located in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sediment pollution in the margins of Lake Guaíba in the vicinity of Porto Alegre city. Surface sediment was sampled in 12 sites to assess the concentration of several elements (C, N, P, Fe, Al, Ca, Mg, Na, K, Mn, Ba, Zn, V, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, Cd, Mo, and Se) and the mineralogical composition. Sediment in margins of Lake Guaíba presented predominantly (> 95%) sandy fraction in all samples, but with significant differences between evaluated sites. Sediments in the margins of Lake Guaíba showed indications of punctual water pollution with Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, TOC, TKN, and P, mainly derived from urban streams that flow into the lake. In order to solve these environmental liabilities, public actions should not focus only on Guaíba, but also in the streams that flow into the lake.

Keywords

Limnology Surface sediment Watershed Lacustrine beaches Urban lake Sewage 

Notes

Funding information

This work had financial support from the Brazilian National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10661_2017_6365_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 25.1 kb).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Capeleto de Andrade
    • 1
  • Tales Tiecher
    • 2
  • Jessica Souza de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Robson Andreazza
    • 3
  • Alberto Vasconcellos Inda
    • 2
  • Flávio Anastácio de Oliveira Camargo
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Soil DepartmentUFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Engineering CenterUFPelPelotasBrazil

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