Rapid in situ assessment for predicting soil quality using an algae-soaked disc seeding assay

  • Sun-Hwa Nam
  • Jongmin Moon
  • Shin Woong Kim
  • Hakyeong Kim
  • Seung-Woo Jeong
  • Youn-Joo AnEmail author


The soil quality of remediated land is altered and this land consequently exerts unexpected biological effects on terrestrial organisms. Therefore, field evaluation of such land should be conducted using biological indicators. Algae are a promising new biological indicator since they are a food source for organisms in higher soil trophic levels and easily sampled from the soil. Field evaluation of soil characteristics is preferred to be testing in laboratory conditions because many biological effects cannot be duplicated during laboratory evaluations. Herein, we describe a convenient and rapid algae-soaked disc seeding assay for assessing soil quality in the field based on soil algae. The collection of algae is easy and rapid and the method predicts the short-term quality of contaminated, remediated, and amended farm and paddy soils. The algae-soaked disc seeding assay is yet to be extensively evaluated, and the method cannot be applied to loamy sand soil in in situ evaluations. The algae-soaked disc seeding assay is recommended for prediction of soil quality in in situ evaluations because it reflects all variations in the environment. The algae-soaked disc seeding assay will help to develop management strategies for in situ evaluation.


Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Disc Field In situ Soil algae 


Funding information

This work was supported by Korea Environment Industry and Technology Institute (KEITI) through “The Chemical Accident Prevention Technology Development Project,” funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) (No. 2016001970001). This research was also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (2015R1D1A1A01059664).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health ScienceKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringKunsan National UniversityKunsanSouth Korea

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