Mobility of Pb, Zn, Cu and As in disturbed forest soils affected by acid rain

  • Yulia V. Kochergina
  • Martin Udatný
  • Vít Penížek
  • Martin Mihaljevič


Early efforts at remediation of contaminated soils involve overturn or removal of the uppermost soil horizons. We find that such disruption is counterproductive, as it actually increases the mobility of the heavy metals involved. In our study, we sought to replicate in a controlled manner this commonly used remediation strategy and measure Pb, Zn, Cu and As concentrations in all soil horizons—both prior to and 1 year after disruption by trenching. BCR analyses (sequential leaching) indicate that Pb is affected to the greatest degree and is most highly mobile; however, Zn and As remain insoluble, thus partially ameliorating the detrimental effect. Differences in vegetation cover (i.e. spruce vs. beech forest) have little influence on overall element mobility patterns. The Krušné hory (Ore Mts., Czech Republic) study area is one of the more heavily contaminated areas in Central Europe, and thus the results reported here are applicable to areas affected by brown-coal-burning power plants.


Forest soils Hazardous elements Načetín Contamination Mobility BCR sequential extraction 



We are indebted to Marie Fayadová for help with trace elements analyses, Ondřej Šebek for ICP-OES measurements. Dr. John M. Hora is thanked for revision of the English in the manuscript. We are grateful to anonymous reviewer and Dr. J. A. Elvir for editorial handling.

Funding information

This study was funded by the Czech Science Foundation (13-17501S) and Operational Programme Prague—Competitiveness (Project CZ.2.16/3.1.00/21516). MU was supported by the Grant Agency of the Charles University in Prague project No. 338811.

Supplementary material

10661_2017_6306_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (48 kb)
ESM 1 The results of total and sequence analyses used for GCDkit calculations are given in an electronic Supplement (XLSX 48 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yulia V. Kochergina
    • 1
  • Martin Udatný
    • 1
  • Vít Penížek
    • 2
  • Martin Mihaljevič
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePragueCzech Republic

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