Spatial and temporal distribution of carbon dioxide gas using GOSAT data over IRAN

  • Samereh FalahatkarEmail author
  • Seyed Mohsen Mousavi
  • Manochehr Farajzadeh


CO2 concentration (XCO2) shows the spatial and temporal variation in Iran. The major purpose of this investigation is the assessment of the spatial distribution of carbon dioxide concentration in the different seasons of 2013 based on the Thermal And Near Infrared Sensor for Carbon Observation–Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TANSO-FTS) level 2 GOSAT data by implementing the ordinary kriging (OK) method. In this study, the Land Surface Temperature (LST), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), and metrological parameters (temperature and precipitation) were used for the analysis of the spatial distribution of CO2 over Iran in 2013. The spatial distribution maps of XCO2 show the highest concentration of this gas in the south and south-east and the lowest concentration in the north and north-west. These results indicate that the concentration of carbon dioxide decreased with the increase of LST and temperature and a decrease of NDVI and humidity in the study area. Therefore, the existence of vegetation has an effective role in capturing carbon from the atmosphere by photosynthesis phenomena, and sustainable land management can be effective for carbon absorption from the atmosphere and mitigation of climate change in arid and semi-arid regions.


Climate change Satellite monitoring Interpolation Land cover NDVI LST 



This work was supported by Iran National Science Foundation. We would like to thank the Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization, the GOSAT Project of Japan, and NASA for the use of their data in this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samereh Falahatkar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Seyed Mohsen Mousavi
    • 1
  • Manochehr Farajzadeh
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Science Department, Faculty of Natural Resource and Marine ScienceTarbiat Modares UniversityNoorIran
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of Tarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

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