Fraction distribution and bioavailability of sediment heavy metals in the environment surrounding MSW landfill: a case study

  • M. H. SayadiEmail author
  • M. R. Rezaei
  • A. Rezaei


The aim of this study was to characterize the sediment samples from vicinity of a landfill in Qayen City, Iran. The samples were obtained from four different sampling stations. Sequential extraction was performed via a four-step procedure defined to evaluate the distribution of the element fraction in various samples. In the stations 3 and 4, Cd was found in large quantities during the first extraction F1, accounting for 40.4 and 38.7 %, respectively. Pb was primarily presented in F2 of station 1 (approximately 44.80 %), station 2 (approximately 41.8 %), and station 4 (approximately 37.7 %). Moreover, principal component analysis showed that heavy metal fraction in the sediment samples can be explained by two principal components (PCs). PC1 represented Cd, Cr, Ni, and Zn, while PC2 represented Pb and Cu. Pearson correlation coefficient indicated significant correlations in Cu-Pb, Zn-Cu, and Cr-Zn pairings. The present study concluded that the spatial distributions of sediment heavy metals were influenced by MSW landfill.


Bioavailability Fraction distribution Heavy metals Uncontrolled landfill 



This study which was conducted as a research project in 2014 was funded by the Research Council of University of Birjand. The authors genuinely appreciate the authorities of the Research Council and Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, for their sincere cooperation. We would also like to thank Dr. Mrs. Mahavash F. Kavian for editing the paper and the anonymous reviewers who helped us to improve our manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of BirjandBirjandIran

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