Advertisement

Residue behavior of combination formulations of insecticides in/on cabbage and their efficacy against aphids and diamondback moth

  • Suman GuptaEmail author
  • Rakesh K. Sharma
  • Vijay T. Gajbhiye
  • Ram K. Gupta
Article

Abstract

Persistence behavior of insecticides chlorpyriphos, profenofos, triazophos, cypermethrin, and deltamethrin following the use of three combination formulations Action 505 (chlorpyriphos + cypermethrin), Roket 44EC (profenofos + cypermethrin), and Anaconda Plus (triazophos + deltamethrin) was studied in cabbage following the spray application at the recommended and double doses. Bio-efficacy of these formulations was also evaluated against mustard aphids (Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach) and diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L.). The residues of different insecticides persisted for 5–8 days at low dose and 8–12 days at high dose. The residues dissipated with time and 87–100 % dissipation was recorded on the 8th day. The half-life values varied from 0.4 to 1.6 days. Based on the acceptable daily intake (ADI) values, a safe waiting period of 1 day has been suggested for the formulations Action 505 and Roket 44EC and 3 days for Anaconda Plus at the recommended dose of application. Action (1.6 L/ha) treatment was found to be the best as it significantly reduced the diamondback moth (DBM) (~60 %) and aphid population (~70 %) besides giving the highest yield (170 % increase over control).

Keywords

Residues Cabbage Combination formulations Bio-efficacy Aphids Diamondback moth Profenofos Chlorpyrifos Triazophos Cypermethrin Deltamethrin 

References

  1. Anonymous (2013) Indian Horticulture Database-2013. National Horticulture Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India (available at http:// http://nhb.gov.in/area-pro/Indian%20Horticulture%202013.pdf).
  2. Chatterjee, N. S., & Gupta, S. (2013). Persistence of metaflumizone on cabbage (Brassica oleracea Linne) and soil, and its risk assessment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 6201–6208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fleming, R. A., & Retnakaran, A. (1985). Evaluating single treatment data using Abbott’s formula with reference to insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology, 78, 1179–1181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta, S., Gajbhiye, V. T., Sharma, R. K., & Gupta, R. K. (2011). Dissipation of cypermethrin, chlorpyriphos and profenofos in tomato fruits and soil following application of pre-mix formulations. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 174, 337–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gupta, S., Sharma, R. K., Gajbhite, V. T., & Gupta, R. K. (2012). Residue behavior of combination mix formulations in/on bittergourd and their efficacy against melon fruitfly. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 89, 1258–1263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta, S., Sharma, R. K., Gajbhite, V. T., & Gupta, R. K. (2013). Persistence of insecticides in ready-mix formulations and their efficacy against Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt) in cauliflower. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 2107–2114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Joia, B.S., Chawla, R.P. (1995) Insecticide resistance in diamondback moth. Plutella xylostella (L.) and its management in Punjab, India. European Journal of Plant Pathology, XIII International Plant Protection Congress. The Hague, The Netherlands, 1995. Abstract No. 1653Google Scholar
  8. Joia, B.S., Chawla, R.P., Udeaan, A.S. (1996) Present insecticide use practices on cole crops in Punjab and strategies for managing multiple insecticide resistance in diamondback moth. Proceedings of the XX. International Congress of Entomology. Firenze, Italy 1996. Abstract No. 19–106Google Scholar
  9. Kumar, P., Prasad, C. S., & Patel, L. N. (2007). Efficacy and economics of insecticides and bio-pesticides against Plutella xylostella (L.) on cabbage. Annals Pl Protection Science, 15(2), 342–344.Google Scholar
  10. Mukherjee, I., Kumar, A., & Kumar, A. (2012). Persistence behavior of combination mix crop protection agents in/on eggplant fruits. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 88(3), 338–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Muthukumar, M., & Sharma, R. K. (2009). Eco-friendly management of insect pests of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) with intercropping and botanicals. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 79(2), 135–137.Google Scholar
  12. Nath, P., Kumari, B., Yadav, P. R., & Kathpal, T. S. (2005). Persistence and dissipation of readymix formulations of insecticides in/on okra fruits. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 107, 173–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Patel, J. J., Patel, N. C., Jayani, D. B., & Patel, J. R. (1996). Bioefficacy of synthetic and botanical insecticides against aphid and diamond back moth infesting cabbage. Gujarat Agricultural University Research Journal, 22, 69–71.Google Scholar
  14. Rao, S. R. K., & Lal, O. P. (2004). Insect pest complex of cabbage under Delhi conditions. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 15, 64–67.Google Scholar
  15. Regupathy, A., Ramasubramanian, T., & Ayyasamy, R. (2004). Rationale behind the use of insecticide mixtures for the management of insecticide resistance in India. Food Agricultural Environment, 2, 278–284.Google Scholar
  16. Weinberger, K., & Srinivasan, R. (2009). Farmers’ management of cabbage and cauliflower pests in India and their approaches to crop protection. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 12, 253–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Gupta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rakesh K. Sharma
    • 2
  • Vijay T. Gajbhiye
    • 1
  • Ram K. Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Agricultural ChemicalsIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Division of EntomologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations