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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 8, pp 6517–6529 | Cite as

Synergistic action of tropospheric ozone and carbon dioxide on yield and nutritional quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.)

  • Satyavan Singh
  • Arti Bhatia
  • Ritu Tomer
  • Vinod Kumar
  • B. Singh
  • S. D. Singh
Article

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted in open top chamber during rabi seasons of 2009–10 and 2010–11 at the research farm of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the effect of tropospheric ozone (O3) and carbon dioxide (CO2) interaction on yield and nutritional quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.). Mustard plants were grown from emergence to maturity under different treatments: charcoal-filtered air (CF, 80–85 % less O3 than ambient O3 and ambient CO2), nonfiltered air (NF, 5–10 % less O3 than ambient O3 and ambient CO2 ), nonfiltered air with elevated carbon dioxide (NF + CO2, NF air and 550 ± 50 ppm CO2), elevated ozone (EO, NF air and 25–35 ppb elevated O3), elevated ozone along with elevated carbon dioxide (EO + CO2, NF air, 25–35 ppb O3 and 550 ± 50 ppm CO2), and ambient chamber less control (AC, ambient O3 and CO2). Elevated O3 exposure led to reduced photosynthesis and leaf area index resulting in decreased seed yield of mustard. Elevated ozone significantly decreased the oil and micronutrient content in mustard. Thirteen to 17 ppm hour O3 exposure (accumulated over threshold of 40 ppm, AOT 40) reduced the oil content by 18–20 %. Elevated CO2 (500 ± 50 ppm) along with EO was able to counter the decline in oil content in the seed, and it increased by 11 to 13 % over EO alone. Elevated CO2, however, decreased protein, calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, and sulfur content in seed as compared to the nonfiltered control, whereas removal of O3 from air in the charcoal-filtered treatment resulted in a significant increase in the same.

Keywords

Ozone Carbon dioxide Mustard Oil Protein Macro- and micronutrients 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial assistance provided by Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110 012, India in the form of fellowship during the Ph.D. research is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satyavan Singh
    • 1
  • Arti Bhatia
    • 1
  • Ritu Tomer
    • 1
  • Vinod Kumar
    • 1
  • B. Singh
    • 1
  • S. D. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient AgricultureIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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