Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 8, pp 6291–6294 | Cite as

Priority PAHs in orthodox black tea during manufacturing process

  • Inderpreet Singh Grover
  • Satnam Singh
  • Bonamali Pal
Article

Abstract

Orthodox black tea is obtained from fresh leaves followed by withering, rolling, fermentation and drying. The presence of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was studied in fresh leaves and at various stages of manufacturing. Benzo(a)pyrene (2A: probable human carcinogen) was found in dried tea leaves only whereas, naphthalene (2B: probable human carcinogen) was present during all the stages of manufacturing. Dry tea leaves showed higher content of total 16 PAHs (∑PAHs) about 3 and 211 times than present in withered and dried leaves, respectively. Chrysene, benzo[g,h,i]perylene, indendo[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene, dibenzo[a,h]pyrene and benzo[a]antracene were not found during manufacturing stages of tea.

Keywords

PAH Tea leaves Soxhlet extraction Gas chromatography 

Supplementary material

10661_2012_3025_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.5 mb)
ESM 1(DOCX 3558 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inderpreet Singh Grover
    • 1
  • Satnam Singh
    • 1
  • Bonamali Pal
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and BiochemistryThapar University PatialaPunjabIndia

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