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Heavy metal concentration in sediment, benthic, benthopelagic, and pelagic fish species from Musa Estuary (Persian Gulf)

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Abstract

The concentration of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, and Pb was measured in sediment and three fish species collected from Musa Estuary, Persian Gulf. The concentration order of heavy metals in sediment were Ni > Co > Cu > Pb > Cd >. Concentrations of the heavy metals in the fish were apparently different among the three species. The concentrations of Cd and Ni in fish were Johnius belangerii > Euryglossa orientalis > Liza abu, while the Co and Cu levels were L. abu > E. orientalis > J. belangerii and E. orientalis > L. abu > J. belangerii, respectively. Result of regression analysis showed that there were no significant relationships between metal concentration in fish tissues and sediment, except for Ni concentration in the J. belangerii liver. The concentrations of studied metals in fish muscle were below the permissible limits proposed by FAO, WHO, and EC.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the research fund of the Khorramshahr Marine Science and Technology University and also Fajr Petrochemical Co.

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Correspondence to Fazel Abdolahpur Monikh.

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Abdolahpur Monikh, F., Safahieh, A., Savari, A. et al. Heavy metal concentration in sediment, benthic, benthopelagic, and pelagic fish species from Musa Estuary (Persian Gulf). Environ Monit Assess 185, 215–222 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-2545-9

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Keywords

  • Estuaries
  • Heavy metals
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Sediments
  • Liza abu
  • Johnius belangerii and Euryglossa orientalis