The concentration of Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, and Pb was measured in sediment and three fish species collected from Musa Estuary, Persian Gulf. The concentration order of heavy metals in sediment were Ni > Co > Cu > Pb > Cd >. Concentrations of the heavy metals in the fish were apparently different among the three species. The concentrations of Cd and Ni in fish were Johnius belangerii > Euryglossa orientalis > Liza abu, while the Co and Cu levels were L. abu > E. orientalis > J. belangerii and E. orientalis > L. abu > J. belangerii, respectively. Result of regression analysis showed that there were no significant relationships between metal concentration in fish tissues and sediment, except for Ni concentration in the J. belangerii liver. The concentrations of studied metals in fish muscle were below the permissible limits proposed by FAO, WHO, and EC.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Agusa, T., Kunito, T., Tanabe, S., Pourkazemi, M., & Aubrey, D. G. (2004). Concentrations of trace elements in muscle of sturgeons in the Caspian Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 789–800.
Alagarsamy, R. (2006). Distribution and seasonal variation of trace metals in surface sediments of the Mandovi estuary, west coast of India. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 67, 333–339.
Al-Saleh, I., & Shinwari, N. (2002). Preliminary report on the levels of elements in four fish species from the Arabian Gulf of Saudi Arabia. Chemosphere, 48, 749–755.
Al-Yousuf, M. H., El-Shahawi, M. S., & Al-Ghais, S. M. (2000). Trace metals in liver, skin and muscle of Lethrinus lentjan fish species in relation to body length and sex. The Science of the Total Environment, 256, 87–94.
Birungi, Z., Masola, B., Zaranyika, M. F., Naigaga, I., & Marshall, B. (2007). Active biomonitoring of trace heavy metals using fish (Oreochromis niloticus) as bioindicator species. The case of Nakivubo wetland along Lake Victoria. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 32, 1350–1358.
Burger, J., & Gochfeld, M. (2005). Heavy metals in commercial fish in New Jersey. Environmental Research, 99, 403–412.
Bustamante, P., Bocher, P., Cherel, Y., Miramand, P., & Caurant, F. (2003). Distribution of trace elements in the tissues of benthic and pelagic fish from the Kerguelen Islands. The Science of the Total Environment, 313, 25–39.
Canli, M., & Atli, Gz. (2003). The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution, 121, 129–136.
Chen, m. H., & Chen, C. Y. (1999). Bioaccumulation of sediment-bound heavy metal in grey mullet, Liza macrolepis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 39, 239–244.
Cohen, T., Hee, S., & Ambrose, R. (2001). Trace metals in fish and invertebrates of three California coastal wetlands. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42(3), 232–242.
Commission of the European Communities (1997). Draft Commission Regulation Setting Maximum limits for Certain Contaminants in Foodstuffs. Doc III/5125/95/Rev 3.
de Mora, S., Fowler, S., Wyse, E., & Azemard, S. (2004). Distribution of heavy metals in marine bivalves, fish and coastal sediments in Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 410–424.
Demirak, A., Yilmaz, F., Tuna, L., & Ozdemir, N. (2006). Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Leuciscus cephalus from a stream in southwestern Turkey. Chemosphere, 63, 1451–1458.
Dugo, G., La Pera, L., Bruzzese, A., Pellicano, T. M., & Lo Turco, V. (2006). Concentration of Cd (II), Cu (II), Pb (II), Se (IV) and Zn (II) in cultured sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) tissues from Tyrrhenian Sea and Sicilian Sea by derivative stripping potentiometry. Food Control, 17, 146–152.
Durrieu, G., Maury-Brachet, R., Girardin, M., Rochard, E., & Boudou, A. (2005). Contamination by heavy metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, and Hg) of eight fish species in the Gironde Estuary (France). Estuaries, 28(4), 581–591.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) (1983). Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO Fishery Circular No. 464, 5–10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Franca, S., Vinagre, C., Cacador, I., & Cabral, H. N. (2005). Heavy metal concentrations in sediment, benthic invertebrates and fish in three salt marsh areas subjected to different pollution loads in the Tagus Estuary (Portugal). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 993–1018.
Henry, F., Amara, R., Courcot, L., Lacouture, D., & Bertho, M.-L. (2004). Heavy metals in four fish species from the French coast of the Eastern English Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea. Environment International, 30, 675–683.
Karadede, Hl, Oymak, S. A., & Unlu, E. (2004). Heavy metals in mullet, Liza abu, and catfish, Silurus triostegus, from the Ataturk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey. Environment International, 30, 183–188.
Khan, M., & Hoda, S. M. S. (1993). Observation on the food and feeding habits of Euryglossa orientalis (Bl. and Schn) (family: Soleidae) from Karachi Coast. Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, 6(3), 185–188.
Khoshnood, Z., Mokhlesi, A., & Khoshnood, R. (2010). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals and histopathological alterations in liver of Euryglossa orientalis and Psettodes erumei along North Coast of the Persian Gulf. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(41), 6966–6972.
Mohamed, A.-R. M., Hussain, N. A., Al-Noor, S. S., Mutlak, F. M., Al-Sudani, I. M., Mojer, A. M., et al. (2008). Fish assemblage of restored Al-Hawizeh marsh, Southern Iraq. Ecohydrological Processes and Sustainable Floodplain Management, 8(2–4), 375–384.
Mooraki, N., Esmaeli Sari, A., Soltani, M., & Valinassab, T. (2009). Spatial distribution and assemblage structure of macrobenthos in a tidal creek in relation to industrial activities. International journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 6, 651–662.
Mzimela, H. M., Wepener, V., & Cyrus, D. P. (2002). The sublethal effect of copper and lead on the haematology and acid–base balance of the groovy mullet, Lizza dumerili. Africa Journal of Aquatic Science, 27, 39–46.
Ozmen, M., Ayas, Z., Gungrdu, A., Ekmekci, G. F., & Yerli, S. (2008). Ecotoxicological assessment of water pollution in Sariyar Dam Lake, Turkey. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 70, 163–173.
Pourang, N., Nikouyan, A., & Dennis, J. H. (2005). Trace element concentrations in fish, surficial sediments and water from northern part of the Persian Gulf. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 109, 293–316.
Rae, J. E. (1997). Trace metals in deposited intertidal sediment (pp. 16–30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rainbow, P. S. (1989). Copper, cadmium and zinc concentrations in oceanic amphipod and euphausiid crustaceans, as a source of heavy metals to pelagic seabirds. Marine Biology, 103, 513–518.
Rejomon, G., Nair and, M., & Joseph, T. (2010). Trace metal dynamics in fishes from the southwest coast of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 167(1–4), 243–255.
Romeo, M., Siau, Y., Sidoumou, Z., & Gnassia-Barelli, M. (1999). Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritania coast. The Science of the Total Environment, 232, 169–175.
Ruangsomboon, S., & Wongrat, L. (2006). Bioaccumulation of cadmium in an experimental aquatic food chain involving phytoplankton (Chlorella Vulgaris), zooplankton (Moina macrocopa) and the predatory catfish Clarias macrocephalus and C. gariepinus. Aquatic Toxicology, 78, 15–20.
Sekhar, K. C., Chary, N. S., Kamala, C. T., Suman Raj, D. S., & Sreenivasa Rao, A. (2003). Fractionation studies and bioaccumulation of sediment-bound heavy metals in Kolleru lake by edible fish. Environment International, 29, 1001–1008.
Sen, A., & Semiz, A. (2007). Effects of metals and detergents on biotransformation and detoxification enzymes of leaping mullet (Liza saliens). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 68, 405–411.
Sidoumou, Z., Gnassia-Barelli, M., Siau, Y., Morton, V., & Roméo, M. (2005). Distribution and concentration of trace metals in tissues of different fish species from the Atlantic Coast of Western Africa. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74, 988–995.
Turkmen, A., Turkmen, M., Tepe, Yı, & Akyurt, I. (2005). Heavy metals in three commercially valuable fish species from Iskenderun Bay, Northern East Mediterranean Sea, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 91, 167–172.
Tuzen, M. (2009). Toxic and essential trace elemental contents in fish species from the Black Sea, Turkey. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47, 1785–1790.
Uysal, K., Emre, Y., & Köse, E. (2008). The determination of heavy metal accumulation ratios in muscle, skin and gills of some migratory fish species by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) in Beymelek Lagoon (Antalya/Turkey). Microchemical Journal, 90, 67–70.
Wang, X., Sato, T., Xing, B., & Tao, S. (2005). Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish. The Science of the Total Environment, 350, 28–37.
WHO (World Health Organization) (1996). Health criteria other supporting information. In: Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, vol. 2, 2nd ed., (pp. 31–388), Geneva.
Yi, Y., Wang, Z., Zhang, K., Yu, G., & Duan, X. (2008). Sediment pollution and its effect on fish through food chain in the Yangtze River. International Journal of Sediment Research, 23, 338–347.
Yılmaz, F., Ozdemir, N., Demirak, A., & Levent Tuna, A. (2007). Heavy metal levels in two fish species Leuciscus cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus. Food Chemistry, 100, 830–835.
This study was supported by the research fund of the Khorramshahr Marine Science and Technology University and also Fajr Petrochemical Co.
About this article
Cite this article
Abdolahpur Monikh, F., Safahieh, A., Savari, A. et al. Heavy metal concentration in sediment, benthic, benthopelagic, and pelagic fish species from Musa Estuary (Persian Gulf). Environ Monit Assess 185, 215–222 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-2545-9
- Heavy metals
- Liza abu
- Johnius belangerii and Euryglossa orientalis