Radium equivalent activity (Ra eq ) has been in practice for the last 40 years for the assessment of radiological hazard of radioactivity in environmental materials. The in-practice model for the calculation of the Ra eq has been critically reviewed in the light of the UNSCEAR 2000 report. Annual effective dose (E) values of 232Th and 40K were found to be not equal to that of 226Ra derived from the activity concentrations of these radionuclides used in the expression for the Ra eq . Therefore, a modified model has been proposed for the determination of the Ra eq for outdoor external exposure to gamma rays. The relation between the E and Ra eq has been explored. It is recommended that while describing the radiological hazard of the materials containing radioactivity, there should be no need to calculate the Ra eq if the E has already been determined or vice versa.
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Tufail, M. Radium equivalent activity in the light of UNSCEAR report. Environ Monit Assess 184, 5663–5667 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2370-6
- Activity concentration
- Radium equivalent activity
- Radiation dose
- Annual effective dose