Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 6, pp 3775–3787 | Cite as

Ammonia emissions from a broiler farm: spatial variability of airborne concentrations in the vicinity and impact on adjacent woodland

  • Kristina von Bobrutzki
  • Christian Ammon
  • Werner Berg
  • Peter Einert
  • Merike Fiedler
  • Hans-Joachim Müller
  • Dieter Scherer
  • Björn Strohbach
Article

Abstract

Agricultural NH3 emissions affect air quality and influence the nitrogen cycle. In the subject study, NH3 emissions from a broiler farm and the resulting atmospheric concentrations in the immediate vicinity during three growing cycles have been quantified. Additionally, vegetation along a transect in an adjacent woodland was analysed. The emissions were as high as 10 kg NH3 h−1 and the atmospheric concentrations ranged between 33 and 124 μg NH3 m−3 per week in the immediate vicinity. Measurements of the atmospheric concentrations over 7 weeks showed a substantial decline of mean concentrations (based on a 3-week average) from ∼13 to <3 μg NH3 m−3, at 45- and 415-m distance from the farm. Vegetation surveys showed that nitrophilous species flourished when they grew closest to the farm (their occurrence sank proportionately with distance). A clearly visible damage of pine trees was observed within 200 m of the farm; this illustrated the significant impact of NH3 emissions from agricultural sources on the sensitive ecosystem.

Keywords

Ammonia Broiler Emission Spatial dispersion patterns Woodland flora 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina von Bobrutzki
    • 1
  • Christian Ammon
    • 1
  • Werner Berg
    • 1
  • Peter Einert
    • 2
  • Merike Fiedler
    • 1
  • Hans-Joachim Müller
    • 1
  • Dieter Scherer
    • 3
  • Björn Strohbach
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Engineering for Livestock ManagementLeibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-BornimPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Eberswalde Forestry Competence CentreResearch Institute of the Public Enterprise Forst BrandenburgEberswaldeGermany
  3. 3.Chair of Climatology, Department of EcologyTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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