Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 4, pp 2453–2464 | Cite as

Adapting forest health assessments to changing perspectives on threats—a case example from Sweden

  • Sören Wulff
  • Åke Lindelöw
  • Lars Lundin
  • Per Hansson
  • Anna-Lena Axelsson
  • Pia Barklund
  • Sture Wijk
  • Göran Ståhl


A revised Swedish forest health assessment system is presented. The assessment system is composed of several interacting components which target information needs for strategic and operational decision making and accommodate a continuously expanding knowledge base. The main motivation for separating information for strategic and operational decision making is that major damage outbreaks are often scattered throughout the landscape. Generally, large-scale inventories (such as national forest inventories) cannot provide adequate information for mitigation measures. In addition to broad monitoring programs that provide time-series information on known damaging agents and their effects, there is also a need for local and regional inventories adapted to specific damage events. While information for decision making is the major focus of the health assessment system, the system also contributes to expanding the knowledge base of forest conditions. For example, the integrated monitoring programs provide a better understanding of ecological processes linked to forest health. The new health assessment system should be able to respond to the need for quick and reliable information and thus will be an important part of the future monitoring of Swedish forests.


Forest health Monitoring Forest damage Resin-top disease Spruce bark beetle 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sören Wulff
    • 1
  • Åke Lindelöw
    • 2
  • Lars Lundin
    • 3
  • Per Hansson
    • 4
  • Anna-Lena Axelsson
    • 1
  • Pia Barklund
    • 5
  • Sture Wijk
    • 6
  • Göran Ståhl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest Resource ManagementSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Department of Aquatic Sciences and AssessmentSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  4. 4.Department of Forest Ecology and ManagementSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUmeåSweden
  5. 5.Department of Forest Mycology and PathologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  6. 6.Swedish Forest AgencyJönköpingSweden

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