Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 181, Issue 1–4, pp 587–594 | Cite as

Localized hyper saline waters in Arabian Gulf from desalination activity—an example from South Kuwait

  • Saif UddinEmail author
  • Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban
  • Ahmed Khabbaz


Desalination is the only means of reliable water supply in most of the Arabian Gulf States including Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. Huge desalination capacities are installed on the western margin of the Arabian Gulf contributing to increased salinity off the coast. This paper presents long term salinity observation made near outfall of Az Zour Power and Desalination Plant in South Kuwait. The salinity values peak at around 50 ppt at observation station located in open gulf around 5 km from the outfall of the power and desalination plant. The observation highlights the stress on the local marine environment continued incremental salinity can impair the marine biodiversity in the area. The study suggests that a stringent post construction and operational offshore water quality assessment can help in early detection of potentially complex environmental issues.


Salinity Coral reefs Biodiversity EIA 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saif Uddin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban
    • 1
  • Ahmed Khabbaz
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DepartmentKuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchSafatKuwait

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