Advertisement

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 181, Issue 1–4, pp 587–594 | Cite as

Localized hyper saline waters in Arabian Gulf from desalination activity—an example from South Kuwait

  • Saif UddinEmail author
  • Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban
  • Ahmed Khabbaz
Article

Abstract

Desalination is the only means of reliable water supply in most of the Arabian Gulf States including Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. Huge desalination capacities are installed on the western margin of the Arabian Gulf contributing to increased salinity off the coast. This paper presents long term salinity observation made near outfall of Az Zour Power and Desalination Plant in South Kuwait. The salinity values peak at around 50 ppt at observation station located in open gulf around 5 km from the outfall of the power and desalination plant. The observation highlights the stress on the local marine environment continued incremental salinity can impair the marine biodiversity in the area. The study suggests that a stringent post construction and operational offshore water quality assessment can help in early detection of potentially complex environmental issues.

Keywords

Salinity Coral reefs Biodiversity EIA 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdul Jawad, M., & Al Tabtabaei, M. (1999). Impact of current power generation and water desalination on Kuwait marine environment. In Proceedings of IDA world congress on desalination and water reuse, San Diego (Vol. 3, pp. 231–240).Google Scholar
  2. Al Barwani, H. H., & Purnama, A. (2008). Evaluating the effect of producing desalinated seawater on hypersaline Arabian Gulf. European Journal of Scientific Research, 22, 279–285.Google Scholar
  3. Al Dousari, A. (2009). Desalination leading to salinity variations in Kuwait marine waters. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5, 451–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al Ghadban, A. N., & Al Ajmi, D. (1993). Environmental impact assessment: Integrated methodology – a case study of Kuwait, Arabian Gulf. Coastal Management, 2, 271–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Al-Ghadban, A. N., Uddin, S., Beg, M. U., Al-Dousari, A. M., Gevao, B., & Al-Yamani, F. (2008). Ecological consequences of river manipulations and drainage of Mesopotamian marshes on the Arabian Gulf ecosystem: Investigations on changes in sedimentology and environmental quality, with special reference to Kuwait Bay. Final Report No. KISR 9362 (EM013C).Google Scholar
  6. Al Yamani, F. Y., Bishop, J., Ramadhan, E., Al Husaini, M., & Al Ghadban, A. N. (2004). Oceanographic Atlas of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, 203 p.Google Scholar
  7. Darwish, M. A., Al Awadhi, F. M., & Darwish, A. M. (2008). Energy and water in Kuwait Part I. A sustainability view point. Desalination, 225, 341–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hopner, T., & Lattemann, S. (2002). Chemical impacts from seawater desalination plants—a case study of northern Rea Sea. Desalination, 152, 133–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. IDA (2006). IDA worldwide desalting plant inventory, no. 19 in MS excel format. Oxford, UK: Media Analytics Ltd.Google Scholar
  10. Khordagui, H. (2002). Environmental impacts of power – desalination on gulf marine ecosystem. In A. Khan, et al. (Eds.), The gulf ecosystem: Health and sustainability (pp. 173–191). Leiden: Backhuys.Google Scholar
  11. Lattemann, S., & Hopner, T. (2003). Seawater desalination: Impact of brine and chemical discharge on marine environment. Hopkinton: Balaban.Google Scholar
  12. Lattemann, S., & Hopner, T. (2008). Environmental impact and impact assessment of seawater desalination. Desalination, 220, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mandil, A. M. (1991). Desalination and environment. In Proceedings of the third international symposium on industry and environment in developing world, Egypt.Google Scholar
  14. Purnama, A., Al Barwani, H. H., & Smith, R. (2005). Calculating the environmental cost of seawater desalination in the Arabian marginal seas. Desalination, 185, 79–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Smith, R. (1977). Long-term dispersion of contaminants in small estuaries. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 82, 129–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Uddin, S., Al Dousari, A., & Al Ghadban, A. N. (2007). Sustainable fresh water resources management in Northern Kuwait—a remote sensing view from Raudatain basin. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 9, 21–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Uddin, S., Al Shamroukh, D., Al Khabbaz, A., & Al Yagoub, A. (2009). Assessment and monitoring of water quality for the Khairan Pearl City Project. Technical Report, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, No. 9512. 31 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saif Uddin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Nabi Al Ghadban
    • 1
  • Ahmed Khabbaz
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DepartmentKuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchSafatKuwait

Personalised recommendations