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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 181, Issue 1–4, pp 563–575 | Cite as

Phytoplankton and water quality in a Mediterranean drinking-water reservoir (Marathonas Reservoir, Greece)

  • Matina Katsiapi
  • Maria Moustaka-GouniEmail author
  • Evangelia Michaloudi
  • Konstantinos Ar. Kormas
Article

Abstract

Phytoplankton and water quality of Marathonas drinking-water Reservoir were examined for the first time. During the study period (July–September 2007), phytoplankton composition was indicative of eutrophic conditions although phytoplankton biovolume was low (max. 2.7 mm3 l − 1). Phytoplankton was dominated by cyanobacteria and diatoms, whereas desmids and dinoflagellates contributed with lower biovolume values. Changing flushing rate in the reservoir (up to 0.7% of reservoir’s water volume per day) driven by water withdrawal and occurring in pulses for a period of 15–25 days was associated with phytoplankton dynamics. Under flushing pulses: (1) biovolume was low and (2) both ‘good’ quality species and the tolerant to flushing ‘nuisance’ cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa dominated. According to the Water Framework Directive, the metrics of phytoplankton biovolume and cyanobacterial percentage (%) contribution indicated a moderate ecological water quality. In addition, the total biovolume of cyanobacteria as well as the dominance of the known toxin-producing M. aeruginosa in the reservoir’s phytoplankton indicated a potential hazard for human health according to the World Health Organization.

Keywords

Drinking-water reservoir Flushing rate Cyanobacteria Ecological water quality Management WFD 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matina Katsiapi
    • 1
  • Maria Moustaka-Gouni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Evangelia Michaloudi
    • 2
  • Konstantinos Ar. Kormas
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Botany, School of BiologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, School of BiologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of ThessalyNea Ionia, VolosGreece

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