Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 171, Issue 1–4, pp 501–512 | Cite as

Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in water of Lake Dianchi—spatial and seasonal variation, and kinetics of biodegradation

  • Zhi Wang
  • Bangding Xiao
  • Xingqiang Wu
  • Xinhai Tu
  • Yingcai Wang
  • Xiaolei Sun
  • Lirong Song


For the purpose of elucidating the environmental characteristics of anion surfactants [linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS)] in the water of Lake Dianchi, a sampling investigation in the field from October 2006 to July 2007 and a batch of biodegradation experiments in the laboratory were carried out. The results showed that concentrations of LAS ranged from 18.6 to 260.1 μg L − 1, and the average concentration was 52.6 μg L − 1 in Lake Dianchi. The highest concentrations of LAS were found in the Northwest region, and the distribution of LAS varied through seasons, with much lower concentrations in fall than in any other seasons. LAS can be primarily biodegraded by microorganisms in the lake water, and the percentage of degradation was >97% after 28 days. Biodegradation of LAS was well-fitted with the kinetic model presented in this paper, and the half-lives ranged from 3.2 to 16.3 days. Temperature, pH, and initial concentrations could affect the biodegradation of LAS, among which temperature was the major factor influencing on biodegradation of LAS in water of Lake Dianchi.


Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) Spatial and seasonal variation Biodegradation Lake Dianchi 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhi Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bangding Xiao
    • 1
  • Xingqiang Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xinhai Tu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yingcai Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaolei Sun
    • 3
  • Lirong Song
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of HydrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Life ScienceCenteral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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