Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 170, Issue 1–4, pp 345–351 | Cite as

Seasonal variations of lead, arsenic, cadmium and aluminium contamination of groundwater in Dhemaji district, Assam, India

  • Mridul Buragohain
  • Bhabajit Bhuyan
  • Hari Prasad Sarma
Article

Abstract

Seasonal variations in the concentrations of groundwater with respect to arsenic, lead, cadmium and aluminium has been studied in Dhemaji district of Assam, India. The water samples were collected from 20 different sites in both dry and wet seasons. The metals were analysed by using atomic absorption spectrometer, Perkin Elmer AAnalyst 200 model. The concentrations of aluminium, lead and cadmium in groundwater were found to be significantly elevated. High concentrations of all the metals were recorded in the dry season than in the wet season. Univariate statistics along with skewness, kurtosis and confidence limit have been calculated for both the seasons to test the distribution normality for each metal. Statistical analyses of the data reveal non-uniform distribution of the metals in the area. The metal contamination of groundwater in the district follows the trend Al > Pb > Cd > As in both the seasons.

Keywords

Seasonal variations Lead Aluminium Cadmium Arsenic 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mridul Buragohain
    • 1
  • Bhabajit Bhuyan
    • 2
  • Hari Prasad Sarma
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryLakhimpur Girls’ CollegeAssamIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryNorth Lakhimpur CollegeAssamIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ScienceGauhati UniversityAssamIndia

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