Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 170, Issue 1–4, pp 301–309

Semiquantitative color profiling of soils over a land degradation gradient in Sakaerat, Thailand

  • Ryoichi Doi
  • Chongrak Wachrinrat
  • Sakhan Teejuntuk
  • Katsutoshi Sakurai
  • Pongsak Sahunalu


In this study, we attempted multivariate color profiling of soils over a land degradation gradient represented by dry evergreen forest (original vegetation), dry deciduous forest (moderately disturbed by fire), and bare ground (severely degraded) in Sakaerat, Thailand. The soils were sampled in a dry-to-wet seasonal transition. Values of the red–green–blue (RGB), cyan–magenta–yellow–key black (CMYK), L*a*b*, and hue–intensity–saturation (HIS) color models were determined using the digital software Adobe PhotoshopTM. Land degradation produced significant variations (p < 0.05) in R, C, Y, L*, a*, b*, S, and I values (p < 0.05). The seasonal transition produced significant variations (p < 0.05) in R, G, B, C, M, K, L*, b*, and I values. In discriminating the soils, the color models did not differ in discriminatory power, while discriminatory power was affected by seasonal changes. Most color variation patterns had nonlinear relationships with the intensity of the land degradation gradient, due to effects of fire that darkened the deciduous forest soil, masking the nature of the soil as the intermediate between the evergreen forest and the bare ground soils. Taking these findings into account, the utilization of color profiling of soils in land conservation and rehabilitation is discussed.


Land degradation Multivariate analysis Soil color Thai savanna 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryoichi Doi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chongrak Wachrinrat
    • 3
  • Sakhan Teejuntuk
    • 3
  • Katsutoshi Sakurai
    • 4
  • Pongsak Sahunalu
    • 3
  1. 1.EcoTopia Science InstituteNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Silviculture, Faculty of ForestryKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureKochi UniversityKochiJapan

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